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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
three major disorders in COPD?
1. chronic bronchitis
2. emphysema
3. asthma
Examples of Lower respiratory infection?
1. acute bronchitis
pneumonia is an acute inflammation of the lungs in the alveoli, caused by?
Streptococcus pneuoniae bacteria
tuberculosis cuased by?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Receptor influence respiration?
1. chemoreceptor
2. pulmonary stretch receptors
respiratory control center?
1. inspiratory center
2. expiratory center
1. Eupnea?
2. hyperventilation?
3. hypoventilation
1. normal respiratory rate
2. rapid and deep respiration
3.slow and shallow respiration
1. Dyspnea?
2. apnea?
1. difficult breathing and ass. w/ hypoventilation
2. breathing stop for short time
cycles of alternatin apnea and hyperventilation?
Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR)
failure to resume breathing after a period of apnea?
Respiratory arrest
1. tital volume
2. vital capacity
1. normal insp. and expiration
2. largest air breath out in one expiration
expiratory reserve volume?
air that forcibly exhaled after expiring the tidal volume
inspiratory reserve voulme?
air that forcibly inspired above normal inspiration
upper respiratory infection example?
1. Rhinitis
3. Laryngitis
respiratory mucosa?
the membrane that lines most of the air distribution tubes in the system
respiratory membrane?
separates the air in the alveoli from the blood in surrounding capillaries
paranasal sinuses?
frontal, maxillary, sphenoidal, and ethmoidal
masses of lymphatic tissue
auditory or uestachian tubes open?
into the nasopharynx
palatine tonsils located?
in the oropharynx
pharyngeal tonsil or adenoids located?
in the nasopharynx
lacrimal sacs drains?
into the nasal cavity
larynx or voice box (Adams' apple) located?
below the pharynx
the space between vocal cord?
a piece of cartilage that partially cover the opening oth the larynx?
respiratory organs include?
nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs
respiratory system functions
1. air distributor
2. gas exchanger
thin walled sacs?
upper respiratory tract composed of?
nose, pharynx, and larynx
lower respiratory tract composed of?
trachea, bronchial tree, and lungs