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16 Cards in this Set

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Abnormally high glucose level in the blood.
hyperglycemia
Excessive eating; in diabetes, the inability to use glucose properly can cause a sense of hunger.
polyphagia
A metabolic disorder in which the ability to metabolize carbohydrates (sugars) is impaired, usually because of a lack of insulin.
diabetes mellitus
The type of diabetic disease that usually starts in later life and often can be controlled through diet and oral medications.
type II diabetes
Deep, rapid breathing; usually the result of an accumulation of certain acids when insulin is not available in the body.
Kussmaul respirations
A pathologic condition resulting from the accumulation of acids in the body.
acidosis
A hormone produced by the pancreas that enables sugar in the blood to enter the cells of the body; used in synthetic form to treat and control diabetes mellitus.
insulin
The type of diabetic disease that usually starts in childhood and requires insulin for proper treatment and control.
type I diabetes
One of the basic sugars; it is the primary fuel, along with oxygen, for cellular metabolism.
glucose
Excessive thirst persisting for long periods of time despite reasonable fluid intake; often the result of excessive urination.
polydipsia
The passage of an unusually large volume of urine in a given period; in diabetes, this can result from wasting of glucose in the urine.
polyuria
Abnormally low glucose level in the blood.
hypoglycemia
Unconsciousness or altered mental status in a patient with diabetes caused by significant hypoglycemia; usually the result of excessive exercise and activity or failure to eat after a routine dose of insulin.
insulin shock
Unconsciousness caused by dehydration, very high blood glucose, and acidosis in diabetes.
diabetic coma
A form of acidosis in uncontrolled diabetes in which certain acids accumulate when insulin is not available.
diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)
A chemical substance that regulates the activity of body organs and tissues; produced by a gland.
hormone