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43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
buccal mucosa
the lining of the cheeks
palate
roof of the mouth
uvula
saclike structure that hangs into the throat and closes off the nasal passage during swallowing
frenulum
connects the tongue to the bottom of the mouth
papillae
projections on the surface of the tongue
incisors & canines
located toward the front of the mouth
bicuspids and molars
located toward the back of the mouth
deciduous teeth
20 temporary teeth received in early childhood
bolus
softened ball of food
deglutition
swallowing
peristaltic waves
contractions created by the muscles of the esophagus to push the bolus to the stomach
upper esophageal
opens to allow food in and closes to prevent air from entering the esophagus
lower esophageal sphincter
located at the junction between the stomach and the esophagus & opens to allow food into the stomach and then closes to prevent stomach contents from reentering
chyme
the bolus mixed with juices
rugae
folds in the stomach
lesser curvature
the medial curve on the stomach
greater curvature
the lateral curve on the stomach
pyloric cphincter
circular muscle in the stomach
cardia, fundus, body, and antrum
regions of the stomach
duodenum, jejunum, and ileum
three regions of the small intestine
plicae circulares
inner folds in the small intestine
villi
finger like projections
ileocecal valve
valve at the end of the ileum on the small intestine that allows food to pass to the large intestine
cecum, colon, and rectum
three regions of the large intestine
internal & external sphincters
circular muscles in the large intestine that regulate the evacuation of feces through the anus
ascending, descending, transverse, sigmoid
regions of the colon
parotid, submandibular, and sublingual
3 pairs of salivary glands
salivary amylase
enzyme found in saliva that beings the digestion of carbohydrates
chol/e
bile
hiat/o
gape; opening
umbilic/o
navel
-clysis
washing; irrigation
-flux
flow
-tresia
opening
-tripsy
crushing
cheilosis
abnormal condition of the lips characterized by deep cracklike sores
cholecyst/o
gallbladder
endodontist
dentist who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases within the tooth
gingiv/o
gums
lapar/o
abdomen
lith/o
stone
orex/i
appetite
proct/o
rectum