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60 Cards in this Set

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ACUTE PANCREATITIS
BLOCKAGE PREVENTING PANCREATIC JUICE FROM ENTERING THE DUODENUM, RESULTING IN DIGESTION OF PANCREATIC TISSUE.
ALIMENTARY CANAL
TUBULAR PORTION OF THE DIGESTIVE TRACT.
AMYLASE
STARCH-DIGESTING ENZYME SECRETED BY THE SALIVARY GLANDS (SALIVARY AMYLASE) AND THE PANCREAS (PANCREATIC AMYLASE).
ANUS
OUTLET OF THE DIGESTIVE TUBE
APPENDICITIS
AN INFECTED, SWELLING OF THE APPENDIX.
ASCENDING COLON
PORTION OF THE LARGE INTESTINE THAT TRAVELS SUPERIORLY AS IT EXTENDS FROM THE ENTRY OF THE SMALL INTESTINE TO THE TRANSVERSE COLON.
BILE
SECRETION OF THE LIVER THAT IS TEMPORARILY STORED IN THE GALLBLADDER BEFORE BEING RELEASED INTO THE SMALL INTESTINE, WHERE IT EMULSIFIES FAT.
BOLUS
SMALL LUMP OF FOOD THAT HAS BEEN CHEWED AND SWALLOWED.
CARIES
DESTRUCTION OF TOOTH ENAMEL BY ORAL BACTERIA.
CCK
SEE CHOLECYSTOKININ.
CECUM
BLIND POUCH, SUCH AS THE ONE BELOW WHERE THE SMALL INTESTINE ENTERS THE LARGE INTESTINE.
CHOLECYSTOKININ (CCK)
HORMONE SECRETED BY THE SMALL INTESTINE THAT STIMULATES THE RELEASE OF PANCREATIC JUICE FROM THE PANCREAS AND BILE FROM THE GALLBLADDER.
CHYME
SEMIFLUID FOOD MASS LEAVING THE STOMACH.
CIRRHOSIS
CHRONIC, IRREVERSIBLE INJURY TO LIVER TISSUE; COMMONLY CAUSED BY FREQUENT ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION.
COLON
LARGE INTESTINE
COLOSTOMY
ATTACHMENT OF A SHORTENED COLON TO A SURGICAL OPENING IN THE ABDOMINAL WALL.
CONSTIPATION
INFREQUENT, DIFFICULT DEFECATION CAUSED BY INSUFFICIENT WATER IN THE FECES.
DIARRHEA
FREQUENT, WATER DEFECATION, OFTEN CAUSED BY DIGESTIVE INFECTION OR STRESS.
DIVERTICULOSIS
PRESENCE OF DIVERTICULA, OR A SAC LIKE POUCHES OF THE COLON.
DUODENUM
FIRST PORTION OF THE SMALL INTESTINE INTO WHICH DUCTS FROM THE GALLBLADDER AND PANCREAS ENTER.
ESOPHAGUS
TUBE THAT TRANSPORTS FOOD FROM THE MOUTH TO THE STOMACH.
ESSENTIAL AMINO ACID
AMINO ACID THAT IS NECESSARY IN THE DIET BECAUSE THE BODY IS UNABLE TO MANUFACTURE IT.
ESSENTIAL FATTY ACID
FATTY ACID THAT IS NECESSARY IN THE DIET BECAUSE THE BODY IS UNABLE TO MANUFACTURE IT.
FECES
INDIGESTIBLE WASTES EXPELLED FROM THE DIGESTIVE TRACT, EXCREMENT.
GALLBLADDER
SACLIKE ORGAN ASSOCIATED WITH THE LIVER THAT STORES AND CONCENTRATES BILE.
GASTRIC GLAND
GLAND WITHIN THE STOMACH WALL THAT SECRETES GASTRIC JUICE.
GINGIVITIS
INFLAMMATION OF THE GUMS.
HARD PALATE
ANTERIOR PORTION OF THE ROOF OF THE MOUTH THAT CONTAINS SEVERAL BONES.
HEARTBURN
BURNING PAIN IN THE CHEST OCCURRING WHEN PART OF THE STOMACH CONTENTS ESCAPES INTO THE ESOPHAGUS.
HEPATITIS
INFLAMMATION OF THE LIVER, OFTEN DUE TO A SERIOUS INFECTION BY ANY OF A NUMBER OF VIRUSES.
ILEUM
LOWER PORTION OF THE SMALL INTESTINE.
ILIUM
ONE OF THE BONES OF A COXAL OR HIPBONE.
JAUNDICE
YELLOWISH TINT TO THE SKIN CAUSED BY AN ABNORMAL AMOUNT OF BILIRUBIN IN THE BLOOD, INDICATING LIVER MALFUNCTION.
JEJUNUM
MIDDLE PORTION OF THE SMALL INTESTINE
LACTEAL
LYMPH VESSEL IN A VILLUS OF THE WALL OF THE SMALL INTESTINE.
LARGE INTESTINE
PORTION OF THE DIGESTIVE TRACT THAT EXTENDS FROM THE SMALL INTESTINE TO THE ANUS.
LIPASE
ENZYME SECRETED BY THE PANCREAS THAT DIGEST OR BREAKS DOWN FATS.
LIVER
LARGEST ORGAN IN THE BODY, LOCATED IN THE ABDOMINAL CAVITY BELOW THE DIAPHRAGM; PERFORMS MANY VITAL FUNCTIONS THAT MAINTAIN HOMEOSTASIS OF BLOOD.
MASTICATION
CHEWING, USUALLY OF FOOD
MINERAL
INORGANIC SUBSTANCE; CERTAIN MINERALS MUST BE IN THE DIET FOR NORMAL METABOLIC FUNCTIONING OF CELLS.
MOUTH
OPENING THROUGH WHICH FOOD ENTERS THE BODY.
PANCREAS
ENDOCRINE ORGAN LOCATED NEAR THE STOMACH THAT SECRETES DIGESTIVE ENZYMES INTO THE DUODENUM AND PRODUCES HORMONES, NOTABLY INSULIN.
PERIODONTITIS
INFLAMMATION OF THE PERIODONTAL MEMBRANE THAT LINES TOOTH SOCKETS, CAUSING LOSS OF BONE AND LOOSENING OF TEETH.
PERISTALSIS
RHYTHMICAL CONTRACTION THAT SERVES TO MOVE THE CONTENTS ALONG IN TUBULAR ORGANS, SUCH AS THE DIGESTIVE TRACT.
POLYP
SMALL, ABNORMAL GROWTH ON ANY MUCOUS MEMBRANE, SUCH AS THE DIGESTIVE TRACT.
RECTUM
TERMINAL PORTION OF THE INTESTINE.
RUGAE
DEEP FOLDS, AS IN THE WALL OF THE STOMACH.
SALIVARY GLAND
GLAND ASSOCIATED WITH THE MOUTH THAT SECRETES SALIVA.
SIGMOID COLON
PORTION OF THE LARGE INTESTINE THAT IS S-SHAPED AND EXTENDS FROM THE DESCENDING COLON TO THE RECTUM.
SMALL INTESTINE
PORTION OF THE DIGESTIVE TRACT THAT EXTENDS FROM THE LOWER OPENING OF THE STOMACH TO THE LARGE INTESTINE.
SOFT PALATE
ENTIRELY MUSCULAR POSTERIOR PORTION OF THE ROOF OF THE MOUTH.
SPHINCTER
MUSCLE THAT SURROUNDS A TUBE AND CLOSES OR OPENS THE TUBE BY CONTRACTING AND RELAXING.
TRANSVERSE COLON
PORTION OF THE LARGE INTESTINE THAT TRAVELS TRANSVERSELY AS IT EXTENDS FROM THE ASCENDING COLON TO THE DECENDING COLON.
ULCER
OPEN SORE IN THE LINING OF THE STOMACH; FREQUENTLY CAUSED BY BACTERIAL INFECTION.
UREA
PRIMARY NITROGENOUS WASTE OF MAMMALS.
VERMIFORM APPENDIX
SMALL, TUBULAR APPENDAGE THAT EXTENDS OUTWARD FROM THE CECUM OF THE LARGE INTESTINE.
VILLUS
FINGERLIKE PROJECTION THAT LINES THE SMALL INTESTINE AND FUNCTIONS IN ABSORPTION.
VITAMIN
ORGANIC MOLECULES (USUALLY COENZYMES) THAT MUST BE IN THE DIET AND ARE NECESSARY IN TRACE AMOUNTS FOR NORMAL METABOLIC FUNCTIONING OF CELLS.
VOMITING
FORCIBLE EXPULSION OF THE STOMACH CONTENTS BACK THROUGH THE MOUTH.
STOMACH
SACLIKE, EXPANDABLE DIGESTIVE ORGAN LOCATED BETWEEN THE ESOPHAGUS AND THE SMALL INTESTINE.