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17 Cards in this Set

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hunter-gatherer
Early people who obtained their food by hunting wild animal and gathereing wild plants, roots, nuts, and berries
extinct
No longer existing or living
sedentary
Characterized by remaining in one place and not migrating.
elite
A small privileged group at the top of a society
hieroglyph
A system of writing that uses picture symbols for concepts, objects, or words
stele
An upright stone column with inscribed hieroglyphs used as a monument, particularly by early peoples of Central America
codex
A manuscript volume; record books kept by early Central American peoples such as the Maya and Aztec.
altiplano
the land on a high, glat plateau
adobe
Bricks formed of mud mixed with straw
chinampa
Translated to Floating gardens
alliance
A pact or union between states in a common cause
calpulli
An Aztec settlement in which families of different social classes lived and share the land
tribute
A kind of tax paid in goods or services to the ruling government
vertical economy
The growing of crops according to the altitude of the land, particularly in South America
terrace farming
The building of raised banks of earth on steep land for farming
conquistador
The Spanish term for conqueror used in reference to Spaniards who came to the New World in the 1500s in search of wealth
civil war
A war between factions or regions within a country