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16 Cards in this Set

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What is the most common type of high blood pressure?
primary or essential hypertension
What does "HF" represent?
heart failure
When the ventricles of the heart contract and eject blood the pressure created in the arteries is called _________ _________.
systolic pressure
When the ventricles relax and the heart temporarily stops ejecting blood, pressure in the arteries will fall, and this is called _________ ________.
diastolic pressure
Name 3 factors responsible for blood pressure.
cardiac output
peripheral resistance
blood volume
What is the action of diuretics on blood pressure?
reduces fluid therefore reducing blood volume and reducing blood pressure
What is the action of ADH?
potent vasoconstrictor that increases blood pressure by raising blood volume.
Name five primary classes of drugs used to treat chronic hypertension.
diuretics
calcium channel blockers
agnotensin converting enzyme inhibitors
autonomic nervous system agents
direct-acting vasodilators
What does "ACE" represent?
angiotension converting enzyme
Aldosterone is a hormone from the adrenal gland that increases ______________ reabsorption in the kidney.
sodium
Diuretics all act in a similar way. (True or False)
False
What is the action of nifedipine (Procardia)?
selective for calcium channels in blood vessels, decreases peripheral vascular resistance and increases cardiac output
What is the action of diltiazem (Cardizem)?
dilates coronary arteries, affects calcium channels in both heart and blood vessels
Select ACE inhibitors can be used for hypertension, heart failure, and myocardial infarctions (True or False)
True
List 3 different ACE inhibitors.
captopril (Capoten)
benazepril hydrochloride (Lotensin)
enalapril maleate (Vasotec)
fosinopril (Monopril)
lisinopril (Zestril)
quinapril hydrochloride (Accupril)
Name a direct acting vasodilator used only in life-threatening hypertension.
nitroprusside sodium (Nipride, Nitropress)
hydralazine hydrochloride (Apresoline)