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17 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Social norms
Implicit rules of conduct acccording to which each culture operates
Individualism
A cultural orientation in which personal goals and preferences take priority over group allegiances
collectivism
A cultural orientation in which cooperation and group haromony take priority over purely personal goals
Acculturation
The process by which individuals are changed by their immersion in a new culture
Ethnic Identity
The part of a person's identity that is defined by an ethnic heritage, language, history, customs, and so on.
Acculturative stress
The stress and mental-health problems often found in immigrants trying to adjust to a new culture
Discrimination
Behavior directed against persons because of their affiliation with a social group
Stereotype
A belief that associates a group of people with certain characteristics
Social categorization
The classification of persons into groups based on common attributes
outgroup-homogeneity bias
The tendency to assume that "they" are all alike
Prejudice
Negative feelings toward others based solely on their membership in a certain group
Realistic-Conflict theory
The theory that prejudice stems from intergroup competition for limited resources
Ingroup favoritism
The tendency to discriminate in favor of ingroups over outgroups
Social-Identity theory
The theory that people favor ingroups and discriminate against outgroups in order to enhance their own self esteem
racism
A deep-seated form of prejudice that is based on the color of a person's skin
Implicit Association Test (IAT)
A measure of the stereotyping that is derived from the speed at which people respond to pairings of concepts
Contact hypothesis
The proposition that in certain conditions, direct contact between members of rival groups will improve relations