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50 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Apex
bottom point of heart
Name the 3 layers of the Heart
pericardium, myocardium and endocardium
Parietal pericardium
outer layer lining the pericardium
Visceral Pericardium or epicardium
inner layer covering the heart
Pericardial cavity
between the layers (prevents friction)
What does the right half of the heart do?
Pumps oxygen-depleted blood to the lungs
What does the left half of the heart do?
Pumps oxygen-rich blood to the body's tissues
The heart has 2 chambers. Name them.
Atria - upper chambers
Ventricles - actual pumps
Name 2 atrial valves or the atrioventricular valves (AV)
bicuspid valve/mitral valve
and the tricuspid valve
Name the valve that resembles that of a bishop's hat with two corners
bicuspid valve or mitral valve
Systole
contraction
Diastole
relaxation
A patient's ______ _______ is the volume of blood pumped by the ventricle in 1 minute.
cardiac output
Blood enters the heart through the large vessels. Name them both.
Superior and Inferior Venae Cavae
How does blood flow through the body?
The arteries, aorta, arterioles, capillaries, venules and veins
What are they feeling for in a pulse?
Rate, Rhythm and Strength
aorta
main artery in the body
arteriole
small vessels in the body
atrium
upper chamber of the heart
capillary
smallest unit of the vascular system
lumen
cavity of a blood vessel
septum
wall separating the right and left chambers of the heart
vena cava
largest vein in the body
ventricles
actual pumping chambers of the heart
auscultate
listen to
murmur
abnormal heart sound that represents turbulent blood flow within the heart
bruit
type of turbulent flow of blood that can be heard in the neck
gallop
very rapid heart beat that sounds like a horse's gallop
Bradycardia
a slow heart rate
Tachycardia
a rapid heart rate
Cardiomegaly
enlargement of the heart
Hyperlipemia
increased blood cholesterol level
Arteriosclerosis
hardening of the arteries
Hypertension
High Blood Pressure
Angina Pectoris
pain caused by decreased blood flow to the heart muscle
Myocardial infarction
heart attack
Arrhythmias
irregular heartbeats
Angina
severe pain in the chest
Ectopic
heartbeat outside of the regular rate and rhythm
Lipid Risk Panel includes what?
measures cholesterol, high-density and low-density lipoproteins and triglycerides
ECG
electrocardiogram
echocardiogram
ultrasound of the heart
electrocardiogram or ECG
determines the electrical activity generated through the heart
endarterectomy
removal of the lining of an artery that contains plaque
CABG
Coronary Artery Bypass Grafts
CAD
coronary artery disease
CC
cardiac catheterization
CHF
congestive heart failure
CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
MI
myocardial infarction (heart attack)