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34 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
a disorder of the mind
psychopathology
a handbook of clinical disorders used for diagnosing psychopathology
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)
the system used in the DSM that provides assessment along five axes describing important mental health factors
multiaxial system
in psychology, examination of a person's mental state in order to diagnose possible mental illness
assessment
a diagnostic model that considers symptoms within an individual as indicating problems within the family
family systems model
a diagnositc model that views psychopathology as the result of the interaction between individuals and their cultures
sociocultural model
a diagnostic model that views psychopathology as the result of learned, maladaptive cognitions
cognitive-behavioral approach
a diagnostic model that proposes that a disorder may develop when an underlying vulnerability is coupled with a precipitating event
diathesis-stress model
disorders characterized by the experience of excessing anxiety in the absense of true danger
anxiety disorders
an irrational fear of a specific object or situation
phobia
a diffuse state of constant anxiety not associated with any specific object or event
generalized anxiety disorder
an anxiety disorder characterized by sudden, overwhelming attacks of terror
panic disorder
an anxiety disorder marked by fear of being in situations in which escape may be difficult or impossible
agoraphobia
an anxiety disorder characterized by frequent intrusive thoughts and compulsive actions
obsessive-compulsive disorder
a disorder characterized by severe negative moods and a lack of interest in normally pleasurable activities
major depression
a form of depression that is not severe enough to be diagnosed as major depression
dysthymia
a mood disorder characterized by alternating periods of depression and mania
bipolar disorder
a less extreme form of bipolar disorder
cyclothymia
a disorder in which periods of depression occur during times of the year with less sunlight
seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
a cognitive model of depression in which people feel unable to control events around them
learned helplessness model
a mental disorder characterized by alterations in perceptions, emotions, thoughts, or consciousness
schizophrenia
symptoms of schizophrenia, such as delusions and halluciantions, that are excesses in behavior
positive symtoms
symptoms of schizophrenia marked by deficits in functioning such as apathy, lack of emotion, and slowed speech and movement
negative symptoms
false personal beliefs based on incorrect inferences about reality
delusions
false sensory perceptions that are experienced without an external source
hallucinations
a speech pattern among schizophrenic patients in which their thoughts are disorganized or meaningless
loosening of associations
a class of mental disorders marked by inflexible and maladaptive ways of interacting with the world
personality disorder
a personality disorder characterized by identity, affective, and impulse disturbances
borderline personality disorder
a personality disorder marked by a lack of empathy and remorse
antisocial personality disorder
a developmental disorder involving deficits in social interaction, impaired communication, and restricted interests
autism
a disordr characterized by restless, inattentive, and impulse behaviors
ADHD
loss of personal memory caused by severe trauma
dissociative amnesia
presence of 2 or more distinct identities
dissociative identity disorder
symptoms of major depression
depressed mood, loss of interest/pleasure, signif weight loss/gain, insomnia/hypersomnia, fatigue/loss of energy, difficulty concentrating, recurring thoughts of death/suicide