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52 Cards in this Set

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separation of blood into component parts and removal of a select part from the blood
apheresis
whole blood cells are taken from a donor and infused into a patient
blood transfusion
microscopic examination of a core of bone marrow removed with a needle
bone marrow biopsy
peripheral stem cells from a compatible donor are administered into a recipients vein
hematopoietic stem cell transplant
Coombs test
test for the presence of antibodies that coat and damage RBC's
Malignant Neoplasm of bone marrow
multiple myeloma
infectious disease marked by increased number of WBC's and enlarged cervical lymph nodes
mononucleosis
time required for venous blood to clot in a test tube
coagulation time
time required for blood to stop flowing from a tiny puncture wound
bleeding time
determination of the number of RBC, WBC, platelets, Hgb, Hct, MCH, MCV, MCHC
CBC
excess iron deposits throughout the body
hemochromatosis
general increase in RBC
polycythemia vera
pinpoint hemorrhaged and accumulation of blood under the skin
purpura
excessive bleeding caused by hereditary lack of one of the protein substances necessary for blood clotting
hemophilia
an increase in cancerous WBC
leukemia
AML
acute myelogenous leukemia- immature (not functional) granulocytes dominate
ALL
acute lymphocytic leukemia- immature lymphocytes dominate
CML
chronic myelogenous leukemia- both mature and immature granulocytes are present in blood and bone marrow
CLL
chronic lymphocytic leukemia- abnormaly large numbers of somewhat mature granulocytes dominate
abnormal increase in granulocytes in the blood
granulocytosis
deficiency in RBC or hemoglobin
anemia
failure of blood cell production- due to aplasia of bone marrow cells
aplastic anemia
hereditary condition characterized by abnormally shaped RBC
sickle cell anemia
reduction in RBC due to excessive destruction
hemolytic anemia
lack of mature RBC caused by inability to absorb Vitamin B12 into the body
pernicous anemia
an inherited defect in the ability to produce Hgb in persons of Mediterranean background
thalassemia
abnormal increase in granulocytes in the blood
granulocytosis
number of RBC per cu mm
RBC count
% of RRB in a volume of blood
Hct
speed at which RBC settle our of plasm
ESR/sed rate
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
total amount of Hgb in a sample of peripheral blood
H, Hg, HGB
determines the % of WBC made up by different types of leukocytes
white blood cell differential
three main blood types
ABO
BMT
bone marrow transplant
GM-CSF
granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor
MCH
mean corpuscular hemoglobin
EBV
epstein barr virus
ASCT
autologous stem cell transplant
GVHD
graft versus host disease
PT
prothrombin time
-apheresis
removal, to carry away
-globin
protein
-phage
to eat, swallow
-phoresis
carrying, transmission
-cytosis
abnormal condition (increase) in cells
poikil/o
varied, irregular
morph/o
shape, form
sider/o
iron
protein threads that form the basis of a blood clot
fibrin
plasma minus clotting proteins and cells
serum
method of separating serum proteins by electrical charge
electrophoresis
orange yellow pigment in bile
bilirubin