Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/43

Click to flip

43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
DNA
Deoxyribosenucleic Acid
RNA
Ribosenucleic Acid, DNA without the O, single strand
Nucleotide
subunit of DNA
Deoxyribose
sugar in DNA
Ribose
sugar
nitorgen base
Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, Guanine, Uracil
Adenine
attaches to thymine and uracil
guanine
attaches to cytosine
cytosine
attaches to guanine
thymine
attaches to adenine
uracil
attaches to adenine in RNA
double helix
structure of dNA, twisted latter
Watson and Crick
two scientists who discovered the make up shap of DNA
Rosalyn Franklin
Xrayed DNA and noticed double helix shape
Gene
a section of DNA that codes for protiens
Protein
made up of amino acids, held together by h bonds , end result of DNA
Amino Acid
tangled up chains make protien, made at the end of translation
Genetic Code
show which N bases code for which amino acid
DnA replecation
process which the two strands of double helix seperate and base paris have free nucleotides connect to them
RNA polymerase
enzymer that attaches to tRNA to condonns makes RNA
DNA polymerase
the second enzyme that bonds new nucleotides into double strands REPLECATION
Helicase
breaks DNA
Codon
a sequence of three ntirogen bases that code for One amino acid on mRNA
mRNA
messenger RNA leaves nucleus and travels to ribosomes
tRNA
transger RNA brings aminoacids and bonds
Genetic Code
show which N bases code for which amino acid
anticodon
three Nbases on the transger that bonds to the codon
Transcription
process which the information in DNA is transfered to mRNA
Translation
the process in which the information in mRNA is used to make protiens
Ribosomes
place where mRNA goes
mutation
any mistake or change in the DNA sequence
a change addition or deletion of one nucleotied base pair
gene mutation
chromosomal muation
a change addition or deletion of a section oc chromosome
point mutation
a change in a single base pari
frameshift mutation
an addition or deletion of a singel base pari to DNa cause all to chnage
aneupolidy
having an incorrect no of chromosomes due to nondisjunction
monosomy
one less in Karyotype
triosomy
one too many in the karyotype
nondisjunction
a chromosomal mutation in which homologou chromosomes fail to seperate during mitiosis
deletion
part of the chromosome is left out
inversion
part of a chromosome breaks off and is reinserted backwards
translocation
part of one chromosome breaks off and is added to a different chromosome
insertion or duplication
additional base paris are added to a chromoseme ( part of one chromatid breaks off and attaches to its siter chraomatid )