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28 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
DISEASE
A condition that interferes with the proper functioning of the body or mind.
COMMUNICABLE DISEASES
A disease that can be passed from one person to another.
NONCOMMUNICABLE DISEASE
Diseases such as asthma and cancer that cannot spread from one person to another.
GERMS
Microorganisms that cause disease.
INFECTION
Germs that get inside the body, multiply and damage body cells.
VIRUS
Smallest and simplest life form. They cause diseases.
BACTERIA
Tiny, one celled organisms that live nearly everywhere. Many, but not all are harmless.
FUNGI
Primitive life forms that cannot make their own food. (Athlete's foot)
PROTOZOA
One-celled animal like organisms.
IMMUNE SYSTEM
A combination of body defenses made up of cells, tissues and organs that fight off germs and diseases.
LYMPHATIC SYSTEM
Secondary circulatory system that helps the body fight germs and maintain its fluid balance.
LYMPOCYTES
Special white blood cells in the lymph.
ANTIGENS
Substances that send your immune systems into action when your body is invaded by germs.
ANTIBODIES
Proteins that attach to antigens, keeping them from harming the body.
IMMUNITY
Your body's ability to resist the germs that cause a particular disease.
VACCINE
A preparation of dead or weakened germs that is injected into the body to cause the immune system to produce antibodies.
INFLUENZA
A communicable disease characterized by fever, chills, fatigue, headache, muscle aches and respiratory symptoms.
MONONUCLEOSIS
Mono-the"kissing disease"-A virus-caused disease characterized by swelling of the lymph nodes in neck and throat-get very tired.
HEPATITIS
A virus caused liver inflammation characterized by yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes.
TUBERCULOSIS
(TB) A bacteria-caused disease that usually afects the lungs.
CONTAGIOUS PERIOD
The length of time when a particular disease can spread frim person to person.
SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES
(STDs)Disease spread from person to person through sexual contact.
CHLAMYDIA
Bacteria-caused STD that may affect the reproductive organs, urethre and anus.
GONORRHEA
Bacteria-caused STD that affects the genital mucous membrane and sometimes other body parts, such as the heart or joints.
GENITAL HERPES
An STD caused by a virus that produces painful blisters in the genital area.
SYPHILIS
A bacteria-caused STD that can affect many parts of the body.
AIDS
Acquired Immunedeficiency Syndrome. A deadly disease that interferes with the body's ability to fight infections.
HIV
Human Immunodeficiency virus. The virus that causes AIDS.