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36 Cards in this Set

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What is a *Union*?
Employee organizations that have the main goal of representing members in employee-management bargaining over job-related issues.
What is a *Craft Union*?
An organization of skilled specialists in a particular craft or trade.
The first national labor union was?
Knights of Labor
The *American Federation of Labor* is?
An organization of craft unions that championed fundamental labor issues; founded in 1886.
Waht are *Industrial Unions*?
Labor organizations of unskilled and semiskilled workers in mass-production industries, i.e. automobiles and mining.
What is the *Congress of Industrial Organizations - CIO?
Union organizations of unskilled workers; broke away from the AFT in 1935 and rejoined in 1955.
What is *Collective Bargaining*?
The process whereby union and management representatives form a labor-management agreement, or contract, for workers.
what is union *Certification"?
The process of a union's becoming recognized by the Natlonal Labor Relations Board as the bargaining agent for a group of employees.
What is union *Decertification*?
The process by which workers take away a union's right to represent them.
What is a *Closed Shop Agreement*?
A clause in a labor-management agreement that specified that workers had to be members of a union before being hired; outlawed in 1947.
What is a *Union Shop Agreement*?
Clause in a labor-management agreement that says workers do not have to be members of a union to b e hired, but must agree to join the union within a prescribed period of time.
What is a *Union Shop Agreement*?
Clause in a labor-management agreement that says workers do not have to be members of a union to b e hired, but must agree to join the union within a prescribed period of time.
What is an *Agency Shop Agreement*?
Clause in a labor-management agreement that says employers may hire nonunion workers; employees are not required to join the union but must pay a union fee.
What are *Right To Work Laws*?
Legislation that gives workers the right, under an open ship, to join or not join a union if it is present.
What is an *Open Shop Agreement*?
Agreement in right-to-work states that gives workers the option to join or not join a union, if one exists in their workplace.
What is a *Grievance*?
A charge by employees that management is not abiding by the terms of the negotiated labor-management agreement.
What are *Shop Stewards*?
Union official who work permanently in an organization and represent employee interests on a daily basis.
Waht is a *Bargaining Zone*?
Range of options between the initial and final offer that each party will consider before negotiations dissolve or reach an impasse.
What is *Mediation*?
The use of a third party, called a mediator, who encourages both sides to continue negotiating and often makes suggestions for resolving the dispute.
What is *Mediation*?
The use of a third party, called a mediator, who encourages both sides to continue negotiating and often makes suggestions for resolving the dispute.
What is *Arbitration*?
An agreement to bring an impartial third party (an arbitrator* to render a binding decision in a labor dispute.
What is *Arbitration*?
An agreement to bring an impartial third party (an arbitrator* to render a binding decision in a labor dispute.
What is a union *Strike*?
A union strategy in which workers refuse to go to work; the purpose is to further workers' objectives after an impasse in collective bargaining.
What is a *Cooling Off Period*?
When workers in a critical industry return to their jobs while the union and management continue negotiations.
What is a *Primary Boycott*?
When a union encourages both its members and the general public not to buy the products of a firm involved in a labor dispute.
What is a *Secondary Boycott*?
An attempt by labor to convince others to stop doing business with a firm that is the subject of a primary boycott; prohibited by the Taft-Hartley Act.
What is a *Yellow Dog Contract*?
A type of contract that required employees to agree as a condition of employment not to join a union; prohibited by the Norris-LaGuardia Act.
Whatis a *Lockout*?
An attempt by management to put pressure on unions by temporarily closing the business.
What is an *Injunction*?
A court order directing someone to do something or to refrain from doing something.
What is an *Injunction*?
A court order directing someone to do something or to refrain from doing something.
Waht is a *Strikebreaker*?
Workers hired to do the jobs of striking workers until the labor dispute is resolved.
Waht is a *Strikebreaker*?
Workers hired to do the jobs of striking workers until the labor dispute is resolved.
What are *Givebacks*?
Concessions made by union members to management; gains from labor negotiations are given back to management to help employers remain competitive and thereby save jobs.
What is *Comparable Worth*?
The concept that people in jobs that require similar levels of education, training, or skills should receive equal pay.
What is *Sexual Harassment*?
Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other conduct - verbal or physical - of a sexual nature.
What is an *ESOP*?
Programs that enable employees to buy part or total ownership of the firm.