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86 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
alveolus
air sac in the lung
bronchioles
smallest branches of the bronchi
bronchus
(plural bronchi)
branch of the trachea (widepipe) that acts as a passageway into the air spaces of the lung;bronchial tube
carbon dioxide
a gas produced by body cells when oxygen and food combine; exhaled through the lungs
cilia
thin hairs attached to the mucous membrane epithelium lining the respiratory tract.
diaphragm
muscle separating the chest and abdoment. it is the most important muscle for breathing
epiglottis
lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the larynx
exhalation
breathing out (expiration)
hilum
midline region where the bronchi, blood vessels, and nerves enter and exit the lungs
inhalation
breathing in (inspiration)
larynx
voice box
lobes
region between the lungs in the chest cavity. contains the trachea, heart, aorta, esophagus, and bronchial tubes.
oxygen
gas that passes into the bloodstream at the lungs and travels to all body cells
parietal pleura
the outer fold of pleura lying closest to the ribs and wall of the thoracic cavity
pharynx
throat
pleura
double-folded membrane surrounding each lung
pleural cavity
space between the folds of the pleura
pulmonary parenchyma
the essential cells of the lung
trachea
windpipe
viseral pleura
the inner foldof pleura lying closest to the lung tissue
ausculation
listening to sounds within the body
percussion
tapping on a surface to determine the difference in the density of the underlying structure
rales (crackles)
abnormal crackling sounds heard during inspiration when there is fluid,blood, or pus in the alveoli
sputum
material expelled from the chest by coughing or clearing the throat
stridor
a strained, high pitched, noisy sound made on inspiration
wheezes
musical sounds usually heard during expiraiton
epistaxis
nosebleed
asthma
spasm and narrowing of bronchi
bronchiectasis
chronic dilation of a bronchus or bronchi, secondary to infection that usually involves the lower portion of the lung
chronic bronchitis
inflammation of the bronchi that persists for a long time
atelectasis
incomplete expansion of alveoli, collapsed functionless lung
emphysema
hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls
pneumonia
acute inflammation and infection of alveoli, which fill with pus or products of the inflammatory reaction
pulmonary edema
swelling and fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles
pleural effusion
escape of fluid into the pleural cavity
pleural effusion
escape of fluid into the pleural cavity
pleurisy
inflammation of the pleura
bronchoscopy
examination of the bronchial tubes by passing a lighted, flexible fiberoptic tube thourgh the nose throat larynx and trachea and into the bronchi
endotracheal intubation
a tube is placed through the nose or mouth through the pharynx and larynx and into the trachea to establish an airway and allow a person to be placed on a ventilator
pulmonary function tests
tests measures ventilation mechanics of the lungs
thoracentesis
insertion of a needle or catheter through the skin and between the ribs into the pleural space in order to obtain fluid from the pleural cavity for analysis
thoracotomy
a major surgical procedure in which the chest is opened by making an incision or disgnostic or thrapeutic procedures.
tracheostomy
the creation of an opening into the trachea through the neck and the insertion of a tube to create an airway.
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
DOE
dyspnea or exertion
FVC
forced vital capacity
LLL
left lower lobe
PFT
pulmonary function tests
PND
paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

post nasal drip
RPS
respiratory distress syndrome
RLL
right lower lobe
RUL
right upper lobe
SOB
shortness of breath
URI
upper respiratory infection
adenoid/o
adenoids
alveol/o
alveolus
air sacs
bronch/o
bronchi/o
bronchial tube
bronchus
bronchiol/o
bronchiole
capn/o
carbon dioxide
coni/o
dust
cyan/o
blue
epiglott/o
epiglottis
laryng/o
larynx
voice box
log/o
lobe of the lung
mediastin/o
mediastinum
nas/o
nose
orth/o
straight
upright
ox/o
oxygen
pector/o
chest
pharyng/o
pharynx, throat
phon/o
voice
phren/o
diaphragm
pleur/o
pleura
pneum/o
pneumon/o
air,lung
pulmon/o
lung
rhin/o
nose
thorac/o
chest
tonsill/o
tonsils
trache/o
trachea
windpipe
-ema
condition
-osmia
smell
-pnea
breathing
-ptysis
spitting
-sphyxia
pulse
-thorax
pleural cavity
chest