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61 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
homeostasis
internal balance
hormones
secreted by the endocrine glands
exocrine glands
secrete chemicals into ducts which then deliver the secretions to the target site
central gland
hypothalamus & pituitary
peripheral glands
thyroid, parathyroids, adrenals, pineal, & pancreas
hypothalamus
secretes hormones that stimulate the pituitary to release other hormones
trophic hormones
hormones that stimulate the pituitary to release other hormones
antidiuretic hormone
produced by the hypothalamus; secreted by specialized neurons in the blood stream
oxytocin
produced by the hypothalamus; secreted by specialized neurons in the blood stream
indundibulum
the pituitary gland hands from this structure
anterior pituitray
secretes 7 hormones, triggered by hypothalamic-releasing hormones (5 are trophic)
Adrenocorticotrophic hormone
secreted in the anterior pituitary; stimulates the adrenal cortex to produce and secrete cortisol and aldosterone
growth hormone (somatotrophin)
secreted by the anterior pituitary; stimulates growth in all body cells and controls the release of the hormone somatomedin from the liver
thyroid-stimulating hormone (thyrotrophin)
secreted by the anterior pituitary; stimulates the thyroid gland to produce and secrete its own hormones thyroxine and triiodothyronine
follicle-stimulating hormone (gonadotrophin)
secreted by the anterior pituitary; stimulates the development of the gonads
luteinizing
secreted by the anterior pituitary; triggers ovulation in females and regulates testosterone secretion in males
Prolactin
6th hormone secreted by the pituitary gland (non-trophic);stimulates breast development and milk production
Melanocyte-stimulating hormone
pituitary gland (non-trophic); stimulates melanocytic activity in the skin
posterior pituitary
stores and releases two hormones produced by the hypothalamus: antidiuretic & oxytocin
thyroid
consists of left and right lobes connected by a structure called the isthmus; produces, stores, and secretes the two thyroid hormones: triiodothyronine and thyroxine
triiodothyronine & thyroxine
hormones of the thyroid; regulate metabolic rate and increase the production of energy from food
calcitonin
produced by the thyroid; regulates blood calcium levels
parathyroids
found on the thyroid lobes; secrete parathyroid hormone (parathormone)
parathyroid hormone (parathormone)
contributes to the regulation of calcium and phosphorus
adrenal glands
sits on top of the kidneys and has two parts: the adrenal cortex and the adrenal medulla
adrenal cortex
secrete three groups of hormones: mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids, sex hormones
adrenal medulla
produces adrenaline and noradrenaline (fight or flight hormones)
pineal gland
located within the brain; secretes the hormone melatonin
pancreas
secretes pancreatic juice (exocrine function) & secretes insulin and glucagon (endocrine substances)
immun/o
safee
radi/o
radioactive
-genesis
production
-gen
producing
eu-
normal
acr/o
extremity; top
aden/o
gland
adrenal/o
adrenal
andr/o
male; man
calc/o
calcium
crin/o
to secrete
estr/o
female
gluc/o
sugar
glyc/o
sugar
glycogen/o
glycogen (storage of sugar)
gonad/o
gonads; sex glands
gynec/o
woman
home/o
same
insulin/o
insulin
kal/o
potassium
natr/o
sodium
pancreat/o
pancreas
parathyroid/o
parathyroid gland
pituitar/o
pituitary gland
thyr/o; thyroid/o
thryoid gland; sheild
ure/o
urea
-assay
analysis of a mixture to identify its contents
-crine
to secrete
-dipsia
thirst
-physis
to grow
-trophic;
pertaining to nourishment
oxy-
sharp