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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Twelfth Amendment
An amendment to the Constitution, adopted in 1804, that specifies the separate election of the president and vice president by the electoral college.
Advice and Consent
The power vested in the U.S. Senate by the Constitution (Article II, Section 2) to give its advice and consent to the president on treaties and presidential appointments
Appointment Power
The authority vested in the president to fill a government office or position. Positions filled by presidential appointment include those in the executive branch and the federal judiciary, commissioned officers in the armed forces, and members of the independent regulatory commissions.
Chief Diplomat
The role of the president in recognizing foreign governments, making treaties, and making executive agreements.
Chief Executive
The role of the president as head of the executive branch of the government.
Chief Legislator
The role of the president in influencing the making of laws.
Chief of State
The role of the president as ceremonial head of the government.
Civil Service
A collective term for the body of employees working for the government. Generally, civil service is understood to apply to all those who gain government employment through a merit system.
Commander in Chief
The role of the president as supreme commander of the military forces of the United States and of the state National Guard units when they are called into federal service.
Constitutional Power
A power vested in the president by Article II of the Constitution.
Diplomatic Recognition
The president's power, as chief diplomat, to acknowledge a foreign government as legitimate
Executive Agreement
An international agreement made by the president, without senatorial ratification, with the head of a foreign state.
Expressed Power
A constitutional or statutory power of the president, which is expressly written into the Constitution or into statutory law.
Inherent Power
A power of the president derived from the loosely worded statement in the Constitution that "the executive Power shall be vested in a President" and that the president should "take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed"; defined through practice rather than through constitutional or statutory law.
Line-Item Veto
The power of an executive to veto individual lines or items within a piece of legislation without vetoing the entire bill.
The granting of a release from the punishment or legal consequences of a crime; a pardon can be granted by the president before or after a conviction.
Pocket Veto
A special veto power exercised by the chief executive after a legislative body has adjourned. Bills not signed by the chief executive die after a specified period of time. If Congress wishes to reconsider such a bill, it must be reintroduced in the following session of Congress.
The presidential power to postpone the execution of a sentence imposed by a court of law; usually done for humanitarian reasons or to await new evidence
State of the Union Message
An annual message to Congress in which the president proposes a legislative program. The message is addressed not only to Congress but also to the American people and to the world. It offers the opportunity to dramatize policies and objectives and to gain public support
Statutory Power
A power created for the president through laws enacted by Congress.
Veto Message
The president's formal explanation of a veto when legislation is returned to Congress.
War Powers Resolution
A law passed in 1973 spelling out the conditions under which the president can commit troops without congressional approval.
Rewarding faithful party workers and followers with government employment and contracts
Washington Community
Individuals regularly involved with politics in Washington, D.C
Federal Register
A publication of the executive branch of the U.S. government that prints executive orders, rules, and regulations.
Emergency Power
An inherent power exercised by the president during a period of national crisis, particularly in foreign affairs
Executive Order
A rule or regulation issued by the president that has the effect of law. Executive orders can implement and give administrative effect to provisions in the Constitution, to treaties, and to statutes
Executive Privilege
The right of executive officials to refuse to appear before, or to withhold information from, a legislative committee. Executive privilege is enjoyed by the president and by those executive officials accorded that right by the president.
As authorized by Articles I and II of the Constitution, an action by the House of Representatives and the Senate to remove the president, vice president, or civil officers of the United States from office for committing "Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors."
An advisory group selected by the president to aid in making decisions. The cabinet currently numbers thirteen department secretaries and the attorney general. Depending on the president, the cabinet may be highly influential or relatively insignificant in its advisory role.
Chief of Staff
The person who is named to direct the White House Office and advise the president.
Council of Economic Advisers (CEA)
A staff agency in the Executive Office of the President that advises the president on measures to maintain stability in the nation's economy; established in 1946
Executive Office of the President (EOP)
Established by President Franklin D. Roosevelt by executive order under the Reorganization Act of 1939, the EOP currently consists of eleven staff agencies that assist the president in carrying out major duties
Kitchen Cabinet
The informal advisers to the president
National Security Council (NSC)
A staff agency in the Executive Office of the President established by the National Security Act of 1947. The NSC advises the president on domestic and foreign matters involving national security
Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
A division of the Executive Office of the President created by executive order in 1970 to replace the Bureau of the Budget. The OMB's main functions are to assist the president in preparing the annual budget, to clear and coordinate all departmental agency budgets, to help set fiscal policy, and to supervise the administration of the federal budget.
White House Office
The personal office of the president, which tends to presidential political needs and manages the media.
Twenty-fifth Amendment
An amendment to the Constitution adopted in 1967 that establishes procedures for filling vacancies in the two top executive offices and that makes provisions for situations involving presidential disability.
Qualifications to become President
Natural Born Citizen
35 yrs old
14 yr residentof U.S.
Powers of Appointment and Removal
cabinet and subcabinet jobs
federal judgeships
agency heads
2000 lesser jobs.
CinC - Wartime Powers
power to order the use of nuclear force
War powers resolution -
that the president consult with Congress when sending American forces into action. Once they are sent, the president must report to Congress within forty-eight hours. Unless Congress approves the use of troops within sixty days or extends the sixty-day time limit, the forces must be withdrawn
War Powers Resolution
that the president consult with Congress when sending American forces into action. Once they are sent, the president must report to Congress within forty-eight hours. Unless Congress approves the use of troops within sixty days or extends the sixty-day time limit, the forces must be withdrawn
Chief Diplomat Powers
Diplomatic Recognition
Proposal and ratification of treaties
Executive Agreements
Chief Executive
Appointment and removal
grant reprieves and pardons
Cheif Legislator
Veto Message
Pocket Veto
Line Item Veto
Congress's power to override veto
Other Powers - Chief of: State, Executive, Diplomat, Legislator
Statutory Powers
Inherent Powers
Special Uses of Presidential Powers
Executive Orders
Executive priviledge
If Powers Abused?
Vice President
supporting the president's activities
becomes pres. if pres dies or is unable to hold office
Presidential Succession
Vice President
Speaker of the House
Senate President Pro Tempore
Secretary of state
Secretary of Treasury
Secretary of Defense
Attorney General
Secretary of interior
Secretary of agriculture
Secretary of commerce
Secretary of labor
What happens when the vice presidency becomes vacant?
President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress