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103 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
arteriole
small artery
atrium (plural: atria)
upper chamber of the heart
artery
largest type of blood vessel; carries blood away from the heart to all parts of the body
capillary
smallest blood vessel. materials pass to and from the bloodstream through the thin capillary walls.
carbon dioxide
a gas released by body cells and transported via veins to the heart and then to the lungs to be expelled.
coronary arteries
the blood vessels that branch from the aorta and carry oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle.
deoxygenated blood
blood that is oxygen-poor
diastole
relaxation phase of the heartbeat. from the greek meaning dilation
endocardium
inner lining of the heart
endothelium
innermost lining of the blood vessels
mitral valve
valve found between the left atrium and the left ventricle of the heart. this valve is also known as the bicuspid valve.
murmur
an abnormal heart sound caused by improper closure of the heart valves.
myocardium
muscle layer of the heart
oxygen
gas that enters the blood through the lungs and travels to the heart to be pumped via arteries to all body cells
pericardium
sac-like membrane surrounding the heart.
pulmonary artery
the flow of blood from the heart to the lungs and back to the heart.
pulmonary vein
a vein carrying oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart.
pulse
the beat of the heart as felt though the walls of the arteries.
septum (plural: septa)
a partition; in the cardiovascular system, a partition between the right and the left sides of the heart.
sinotrial node (SA node)
the pacemaker of the heart
sphgmomanometer
instrument to measure blood pressure.
systole
the contraction phase of the heartbeat. from the greek systole, meaning a contracting.
valve
a structure in veins or in the heart that temporarily closes an opening so that blood flows in only one direction.
ventricle
lower and larger chamber of the heart
venule
small vein
arrhythmias
abnormal heart rhythms
fibrillation
rapid, random, ineffectual, and irregular contractions of the heart
congenital heart disease
abnormalities in the heart at birth
congestive heart failure
the heart muscle unable to pump its required amount of blood (more blood enters the heart from the veins thatn leave through the arteries)
myocardial infarction
heart attack
agina pectoris
is an episode of chest pain
pericarditis
inflammation of the membrane (pericardium) surrounding the heart
aneurysm
local widening of an artery caused by weakness in the arterial wall or breakdown of the wall owing to atherosclerosis.
hypertension
high blood pressure
secondary hypertension
elevated blood pressure; medication;losing weight
secondary hypertension
associated with lesion;disease
varicose veins
abnormally swollen and twisted veins, usually occuring in the legs.
auscultation
listening with a stethoscope
bruit
an abnormal sound (murmur) heard on ausculation
emboli (singular:embolus)
collectionsof material (clots or other substances) that travel to and suddenly block a blood vessel
infarction
area of dead tissue
occusion
closure of blood vessel
palpitations
uncomfortable sensations in the chest related to cardiac arrhythmias
patent
open
petechiae
small, pinpoint hemorrhages
cardiac catheterization
a thin, flexible tube (catheter) introduced into a vein or artery and is guided into the heart for purposes of detecting pressures and patterns of blood flow. contrast can also be injected and x-ray films made (angiography)
cardiversion (defibrillation)
very brief discharges of electricity are applied across the chest to stop a cardiac arrhythmia and to allow a more normal rhythm to begin.
coronary artery bypass graph
vessel grafts, consisting of veins taken from other parts of the body, are anastomosed (connected) to existing coronary arteries to detour around blockages in the coronary arteries and keep the myocardium supples with oxygenate blood.
electrocardiography
process of recording the electricity flowing though the heart and thus the rhythm of the heartbeat.
Holter monitoring
a compact version (about the size of a portable tape recorder) of an electrocardiography is worn during a 24 hr period to detect cardiac arrhythmias.
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasy
a ballon-tipped catheter is inserted via the femoral (thigh)artery and threaded up the aorta into a cornary artery. is inflated, compressing fatty deposits or plaque against the side of the artery and opening the artery to allow for the passage of blood.
AV,A-V
atrioventricular
BP
blood pressure
CABG
coronary artery bypass graft
CAD
coronary artery disease
CHF
congestive heart failure
ECG, EKG
electrocardiogram
HDL
high-density lipoproteins;high blood levels are associated with lower incidence of coronary artery disease
LDH
lactate dehydrogenase (enzyme released from dying heart muscle)
MI
myocardial infarction
PTCA
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
SA, S-A
sinoatrial
aneurysm/o
aneurysm
angi/o
vessel
aort/o
aorta
arter/o, arteri/o
fatty substance; uellowish plaque
atri/o
atrium
axill/o
arm pit
brachi/o
arm
cardi/o
heart
cholesterol/o
cholesterol
coron/o
heart
cyan/o
blue
isch/o
back
my/o
mucus
myx/o
mucus
ox/o
oxygen
pericardi/o
pericardium
phleb/o
vein
pulmon/o
lung
sphygm/o
pulse
steth/o
chest
thromb/o
clot
valv/o
valve
vascul/o
vessel
ven/o
vein
ventricle
ventricle
valvul/o
valve
vas/o
vessel
-constriction
narrowing
-dilation
widening
-emia
blood condition
-graphy
process of recording
-lysis
breakdown
-megaly
enlargement
-meter
measure
-oma
tumor
-osis
condition
-plasty
developement
-sclerosis
hardening
-stenosis
tightening
-tomy
process of cutting
tetra-
four