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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the mental abilities necessary to adapt to and shape the environment
INTELLIGENCE
the measurement of intelligence, personality and other mental processes
PSYCHOMETRICS
the practice of encouraging supposedly superior people to reproduce, whil discouraging or even preventing from oing so those judged to be inferior.
EUGENICS
a test designed to predict a person's capacity for learning
APTITUDE TEST
a test designed to asses what a person has learned
ACHIEVEMENT TEST
the widely used American reevision of the original French Binet-Simon intelligence test
STANDFORD-BINET INTELLIGENCE
originally the ratio of mental age to chronological age ultiplied by 100 (MA/CA x 100(. Today, ,IQ is calculated by comparing how a person's performance deviates from the average score of her or his same - age peers, which is 100.
INTELLIGENCE QUOTIENT (IQ)
the most widely used set of intelligence tests, containing both verbal and performance (nonverbal) subscales.
WECHSLER INTELLIGENCE SCALES
the process of establishing uniform procedure for administrating a test and for interpreting its scores
STANDARIZATION
the bell-shaped appearance of a distribuion that results when the mean, median and mode are identical in value
NORMAL DISTRIBUTION
the tendency for people's performance on IQ tests to improve from one generation to te next
FLYNN EFFECT
the degree to which a test yields consistent results
RELIABILITY
the degree to which a test measures what it is designed to measure
VALIDITY
the degree to which the items on a test are related to the characteristic the test supposedly measures
CONTENT VALIDITY
the degree to which a test predicts other observable behavior related to the characteristic the test supposedly measures
PREDICTIVE VALIDITY
a statistical technique that allows researchrs to identify clusters of variables or test items that correlate with one another.
FACTOR ANALYSIS
an intelligence factor that spearman and other researchers believed underlies all mental abilities
GENERAL INTELLIGENCE FACTOR (G-FACTOR)
the ability to aquire knowldge through experience and to use that knowledge to solve familiar problems
CRYSTALIZED INTELLIGENCE
the ability to understand the relationships between things in the abesence of past experiencecs and the mental capacity to develop strategies for dealing with new kinds of problems
FLUID INTELLIGENCE
gardner's theory contends that there are at least eight distinct and relatively independent intelligences, all of which are differently dveloped in each of us.
MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE
individuals who asily master skills in a particular intelletual area
PRODIGIES
mntally retardd individuals who demonstrate exceptional ability in one specific intellectual area
SAVANTS
Sternberg's theory tat three sets of mental abilities make up human intelligence: analytic, creative and practical
TRIACHIC THEORY OF INTELLIGENCE
the ability to recognize and regulate our own and others' emotions
EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE
A diagnostic category used for people who not only hav an IQ score below 70 but also have difficulty adapting to the routine demands of independent living
MENTAL RETARDATION
a form of mental retardation caused by an extra chromosome in an individual's genetic makeup
DOWN SYNDROME
a statistical cofficient ranging from 0 to 1, that estimates the degree to which heredity determines intelligence whithin a particular human group
HERITABILITY COEFFICIENT
the extent to which genetically determined limites on IQ may increase or decrease due to environmental factors
REACTION RANGE
the realization that your performance on some task might confirm a negative sterotype associated with your social group
STEROTYPE THREAT
the process by which someone's expectations about a person or group lead to the fufilliment of those expectations
SLEF-FUFLLING PROPHECY
the ability to produce novel, high-quality products or ideas
CREATIVITY
applying logic and conventional knowledge to arrive at a single solution to a problem
CONVERGENT THINKING
pursuing many different and often unconventional paths to generate many different solutions to a problem
DIVERGENT THINKING
ability to acommunicate through written or spoken words
LINGUISTIC INTELLIGENCE
ability to solve math problems and analyze arguments
LOGICAL=MATHEMATICAL INTELLIGENCE
ability to perceive and arrange objects in the environmnt
SPATIAL INTELLIGENCE
when you see someone in need of help, how you feel emotionally. you must relieve your anxiety, do you help them or distancec yourself?
PERSONAL DISTRESS
high IQ scores have more complex brain patterns than low scores when responding to simple stimuli
COMPLEITITY
neural impulse speed positively correlated with IQ/100(+/- .40) intelligence might be realted to density of mylein conbening brain neurons
QUICKNESS
higher IQ ppl consume less glucose - brain's "fulel" when working on problem solving tasks
EFFiCIENCY
practice can mak the brain more efficient
SMARTER
Marc goes to the coffee shop... his most appropriate action should be to../
A) tell the studnt they are threatening the validity of the test by studying in the coffee shop