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49 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
cerebellar
Pertaining to the cerebellum.
cerebrospinal fluid
Fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord and is located within the ventricles of the brain.
cerebral cortex
The outer region (gray matter) of the cerebrum.
subdural hematoma
Collection of blood under the dura mater (outermost layer of the meninges).
epidural hematoma
Collection of blood above the dura mater.
encephalitis
Inflammation of the brain.
encephalopathy
Any disease of the brain.
anencephaly
Condition of no brain (congenital anomaly).
glioblastoma
Tumor (malignant) of glial (neuroglial or supportive) cells in the brain.
leptomeningeal
Pertaining to the pia mater and arachnoid membranes of the meninges.
meningeal
Pertaining to the meninges.
meningioma
Tumor of the meninges.
myelomeningocele
Hernia of the spinal cord and meninges; associated with spine bifida.
myoneural
Pertaining to muscle and nerve.
myelogram
Record (x-ray) of the spinal cord.
poliomyelitis
Inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord.
neuropathy
Disease of nerves.
polyneuritis
Inflammation of many (spinal) nerves, causing paralysis, pain, and wasting of muscles. Guillain-Barré syndrome (sequela of certain viral infections with paresthesias and muscular weakness) is an example.
cerebellopontine
Pertaining to the cerebellum and the pons.
radiculopathy
Disease of the spinal nerve roots.
radiculitis
Inflammation of nerve roots.
thalamic
Pertaining to the thalamus.
intrathecal injection
Placement of substances (medications) into the subarachnoid space.
vagal
Pertaining to the vagus (10th cranial) nerve.
analgesia
Condition of no sensation of pain (usually accompanied by sedation without loss of consciousness).
hypalgesia
Diminished sensation to pain.
neuralgia
Nerve pain.
cephalgia
Headache (head pain).
causalgia
Burning sensation of pain (in the skin); usually following injury to sensory fibers of a peripheral nerve.
comatose
In a state of coma (profound unconsciousness from which one cannot be roused; may be due to trauma, disease, or action of ingested toxic substance).
anesthesia
Condition of no nervous sensation.
hyperesthesia
Excessive sensitivity to touch, pain, or other sensory stimuli.
paresthesia
An abnormal sensation such as numbness, tingling, or pricking.
bradykinesia
Slowness of movement.
hyperkinesis
Condition of excessive movement (muscular activity).
dyskinesis
Involuntary, spasmodic movements.
akinetic
Pertaining to without movements.
epilepsy
Chronic disorder marked by attacks of brain dysfunction due to excessive firing of nervous impulses.
narcolepsy
Sudden, uncontrollable episodes of sleep (seizure of sleep).
dyslexia
Disorder of reading, writing, or learning (despite the ability to see and recognize letters).
hemiparesis
Slight paralysis in either the right or the left half of the body.
aphasia
Condition of inability to speak.
hemiplegia
Paralysis in half of the body.
paraplegia
Paralysis in the lower portion of the body.
quadriplegia
Paralysis of all four limbs of the body.
apraxia
Inability to carry out familiar purposeful movements (in the absence of paralysis or sensory or motor impairment).
neurasthenia
Condition of lack of nerve strength; nervous exhaustion and weakness.
syncopal
Pertaining to syncope (fainting).
ataxia
No muscular coordination (often caused by cerebellar dysfunction).