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47 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
apportionment
the distribution of the number of members of the house of representatives based on population of each state.
reapportionment
the periodic redistribution of U.S. congressional seats according to changes in the census figures
census
an official population count.
at-large
an election process in which the voters of a city, state, or country as a whole elect their government representatives.
duty
a governmental tax, especially on imports
impost
a tax or duty
excise
a tax on the production, sale, or consumption of products within the United States, such as tobacco, gas, or liquor.
copyright
the legal right to publish, sell, perform, or distribute a literary or artistic work.
patent
the government's grant to inventors assuring them the rights to make, use, or sell their inventions for a specific period of time
impeachment
the formal procedure by which a president or any federal official is removed for misconduct in office
oversight function
the power of congress to review the policies and programs of the executive branch.
authorization
a legislature's approval to implement or continue a governmental program or agency.
appropriation
a grant of money by congress to be used for specific purposes
subpoena
a legal order requiring a person to appear in court or turn over specified documents
Speaker of the house
the presiding officer of the house of representatives, selected from the membership. The speaker is always a leader of the majority party.
floor leader
a spokesperson for a party in congress; one who directs party decisions and strategy
session
the meeting of a legislative or judicial body for a specific period of time for the purpose of transacting business
majority leader
the legislative leader of the party holding the majority of seats in the house or Senate. In the house the majority leader is second to the speaker of the house.
minority leader `
the legislative leader and spokes person for the party holding the minority of seats in the house or senate.
whip
a senator or representative who works with party leaders to communicate views, solicit support before votes are taken and keep track of how voting is likely to go
president pro tempore
the member of the u.s. senate chosen as leader in the absence of the vice president
standing committee
a permanent committee that evaluates bills and either kills them or passes them along for further debate
select committee
a temporary congressional committee appointed for a limited purpose
joint committee a
a legislative committee made up of members of both houses of congress
conference committee
a temporary House-Senate committee whose goal is to find an acceptable compromise on conflicting versions of a bill.
perquisite
a benefit received in addition to a regular salary or wage; a "perk"
franking
free postal service for letters sent by members of congress to their constituents.
censure
an official expression of blame or disapproval
bill
a proposed law presented to a legislative body
concurrent resolution
a statement of congressional opinion, without the force of law, that requires the approval of both the senate and the House, but not the president
joint resolution
a formal expression of opinion by both houses of congress that has the force of law
pigeonhole
to put aside or ignore a proposed piece of legislation
discharge petition
a process designed to force a bill out of committee to the floor of the House of Representatives.
quorum
the minimum number of members of a group who must be present for the valid transaction of business
filibuster
a tactic, often a lengthy speech or debate, designed to delay the senate's vote on a bill
cloture
the decision of three-fifths of the senate to limit or end debate on an issue and call for a vote
germane
having significant relevance to the point at hand
rider
an addition or amendment to a bill that may have nothing to do with the bill's subject
Christmas tree bill
a bill to which many irrelevant riders have been attached to increase the likelihood of its passage
gridlock
conflict between the legislative and executive branches that commonly results in inaction
pocket veto
a means by which a president kills a bill that congress has sent by refusing to act on it until congress has adjourned
constituent
a person represented by a government official and, to whom the official is accountable
pork barrel
a government project that benefits a specific location or lawmaker's home district and constituents
logrolling
the process of exchanging political favors for support
seniority system
the congressional tradition in which members with the longest continuous service on a committee are automatically given the chairmanship position
Malapportionment
distribution of representatives among congressional districts in unequal proportion to the population
gerrymandering
the process of dividing voting districts to give an unfair advantage to one candidate, party, or group