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8 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Define motivation
an internal state that arouses, directs, and maintains behavior
motivation associated with activities that are their own reward, the enjoyment a person gets from a task
motivation created by external factors such as rewards and punishments
4 approaches to motivation
Behaviorists: extrinsic, incentives, rewards, and punishment
Humanistic: intrinsic need for personal growth, fulfillment, and self-determination
Cognitive: active search for meaning, understanding, and competence Sociocultrual: legitimate engaged participation and identity within a community.
Maslows Hierarchy of Needs
biological and physiological
belonging and love
self actualization
Weiner's Attribution Theory
causes for successes or failures due to three things: locus (internal or external), stability (stable, unstable), and responsibility (controllable, uncontrollable). worst are stable, uncontrollable causes. cause failure, depression, helplessness, lack of motivation.
expectancy x value theories
motivation to reach a goal is the product of our expectations for success and the value of the goal to us. If either is zero, our motivation is zero.
Strategies to encourage motivation and thoughtful learning
Provide an organized class environment
Be a supportive teacher
Assign challenging work
Make tasks worthwhile
Build Confidence and positive expectations
Show the value of learning
Help students stay focused on the task