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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Identify whether the following trait is typically found with a metal, a nonmetal, or a metalloid: Shiny
Metal or Metalloid
Identify whether the following trait is typically found with a metal, a nonmetal, or a metalloid: Generally silvery in color (except gold and copper)
Metal
Identify whether the following trait is typically found with a metal, a nonmetal, or a metalloid: Good conductors of heat and electricity
Metal
Identify whether the following trait is typically found with a metal, a nonmetal, or a metalloid: Malleable
Metal
Identify whether the following trait is typically found with a metal, a nonmetal, or a metalloid: Ductile
Metal
Identify whether the following trait is typically found with a metal, a nonmetal, or a metalloid: To the left of the stairs
Metal
Identify whether the following trait is typically found with a metal, a nonmetal, or a metalloid: Dull
Nonmetal
Identify whether the following trait is typically found with a metal, a nonmetal, or a metalloid: Many colors
Nonmetal or Metalloid
Identify whether the following trait is typically found with a metal, a nonmetal, or a metalloid: Insulators
Nonmetal
Identify whether the following trait is typically found with a metal, a nonmetal, or a metalloid: Brittle
Nonmetal or Metalloid
Identify whether the following trait is typically found with a metal, a nonmetal, or a metalloid: To the right of the stairs
Nonmetal
Identify whether the following trait is typically found with a metal, a nonmetal, or a metalloid: Bridge between metals and nonmetals
Metalloids
Identify whether the following trait is typically found with a metal, a nonmetal, or a metalloid: Semiconductors
Metalloids
Identify whether the following trait is typically found with a metal, a nonmetal, or a metalloid: On the stairs
Metalloids
Define malleable.
Able to be formed by pressing
Define ductile.
Able to be pulled into a wire
Define semiconductor.
Depending on the environment, they can be conductors or insulators
Each column on the periodic table makes up a _____ _____.
Chemical Family
What two things do elements in the same chemical family have in common?
1) They have very similar chemical properties.
2) They have very similar behaviors.
What is Group 1 also known as?
Alkali Metals or Non-radioactive Metals
What is Group 2 also known as?
Alkaline Earth Metals
Alkaline Earth Metals create _____ when combined with water.
bases
Where are alkaline earth metals typically found?
in soil
Alkaline Earth Metals are associated with what common household mixture?
Hard water
What family is in group 17?
Halogens
What family is in group 18?
Noble Gases
What family is in groups 3 to 12?
Transition Metals
What family is in groups 1, 2, and 13 to 18?
Main Group Elements
For the most part, the elements (in their pure state) exist as individual _____.
atoms
Define atom.
The smallest particle that retains all properties associated with the element.
There is a group of 7 elements that always exist in nature in pairs. What are these pairings called?
Diatomic Molecules
What are the diatomic molecules?
see the picture
Define molecule.
2 or more atoms physically joined by a covalent bond to produce a single entity.
What two characteristics are attributed to physical changes?
1) Changes do not produce a new substance.
2) The same substance is simply in a different state/shape/arrangement.
What characteristic is always true of a chemical change?
They always produce a new substance.
Define melting point.
The point where a solid turns into a liquid.
Define freezing point.
The point where a liquid turns into a solid.
Define boiling point.
The point where a liquid turns into a gas.
Define condensation point.
The point where a gas turns into a liquid.
Define sublimation point
The point where a solid turns into a gas.
Identify whether the following is a physical or a chemical change: Sugar crystals form on the cup of a syrup bottle.
physical
Identify whether the following is a physical or a chemical change: Spilled acid produces a hole in a pair of pants.
chemical
Identify whether the following is a physical or a chemical change: Sugar is combined with water to produce "simple sugar".
physical
Identify whether the following is a physical or a chemical change: A steak is grilled.
chemical
Identify whether the following is a physical or a chemical change: A rubber band is stretched.
physical
Identify whether the following is a physical or a chemical change: Orange juice is filtered.
physical
Identify whether the following is a physical or a chemical change: Water is distilled.
physical
What type of physical separation takes place with physical sorting?
Solids are separated from solids.
What type of physical separation takes place with filtration?
Solids are separated from liquids.
What 2 types of physical separation takes place with chromatography?
1) Gas is separated from gas
or
2) Solid is separated from solid (only if in solution)
Define distillation.
Heating a mixture until a component boils (vapor is then condensed to get purified liquid)