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29 Cards in this Set

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anatomical position
As a standard point or frame of reference, the human body is described as being in the anatomical position when it is standing erect, facing you, feet together flat on the floor, the arms slightly raised from the sides with the palms facing forward.
Supine
lying face up
Prone.................
lying face down
Anterior (Ventral)............
at the front
Posterior (Dorsal)............
at the back
Cranial (Cephalic)...............
toward the head
Caudal..............
toward the tail
Medial..............
nearer the midline of the body or a structure
Lateral..............
Farther away from the midline of the body or a structure
Ipsilateral...............
On the same side of the body or structure
Contralateral..............
On the opposite side of the body or structure
Proximal...................
Closer to a structure
Distal....................
Further away from a structure
Superficial................
Closer to the surface
Deep.....................
Farther down below the surface
afferent
[transmission to an organ]
efferent
[conveying away from the organ]
The Anatomical Position
a position used as a reference when describing parts of the body in relation to each other. Used in conjunction with terms of relationship, terms of comparison and terms of movement, the anatomical position allow a standard way of documenting where one part of the body is in relation to another, regardless of whether the body is standing, lying down, or in any other position.

A person in the anatomical position is standing erect with the head, eyes and toes pointing forward, feet together with arms by the side. The palms of the hands are also point forward. (See the diagram on the right)
- parietal
Outer wall of body cavity
visceral
Inner wall of body cavity
visceral
pertaining to the covering of an organ.
inferior
away from the head or toward the tail or lower part of structure.
eversion
turning outward
adduction
moving toward the medial plane of the body.
inversion
turning inward or out
abdominopelvic cavity
contains liver, stomach, and intestines
peridardial cavity
medial inferior portionof thoracic cavity and contains heart.
mediastinum
is medial portionof thoracic cavity and contains thymus gland.
pleural cavity
is portion of thoracic cavity that contains lungs,