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71 Cards in this Set

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Human-induced changes on the natural enviroment
Anthropogenic
Theory and practice of making visual reorentations of the earth's surface in the form of maps
Cartography
The study of the interactions between societies and the natural enviroment they live in
Cultural ecology
The human-modified natural landscaping specifically containing the imprint of a particular or society
Cultural landscaping
Systematic approach to physical systems and processes on a global scale
Earth System Science
The interaction between human and physical geography, which explores the spatial impacts humans have on the physical enviroment and vice versa
Enviromental Geography
The head librarien at Alexandria during the third century B.C; He was one of the first cartographers. Performed a remarkably accurate computation of the Earths cir cumference. He is also credited with coining the term "Geography"
Erthosthenes
Name given to crescent-chape area of fertile land stretchinf from the lower Nile valley, along the east Mediterranean coast, and into Syria and Present-day Iraq where agriculture and early civilization first began about 800 B.C
Fertile Cresent
A set of computer tools used to capture, store, Transform, Analyze, and display geographic data
GIS (Geographical Information Systems)
A set of satellites used to help determine location anywhere on the earth's surface with portable electronic devices
GPS (Global Positioning System)
Pertaining to the unique facts or characteristics of a particular place
Idiographic
Inventor, diplomat, politician, and scholar, his classic work, Man and Nature, or Physical Geography as Modified by Human Action, Provided the first description of the extent to which natural systems had been impacted by human actions.
George Perkins Marsh
The Physical landscape or environment that has not been affected by human activities
Natural Landscape
Concepts or rules that can be applied universally
Nomothetic
He claimed that geography drew from four distinct traditions: the earth-science tradition, the culture-enviroment tradition, the locational tradition, and the area-analysis tradition
W.D Pattison
The realm of geography that studies the structures, processes, distributions, and change through time of the natural phenomena of the earth's surface.
Physical Geography
Roman Geographer -astronomer and author og Guide to Geography which included maps containing a grid system of latitude and longitude.
Ptolemy
Data associatedwith a more humanistic approach to geography, often collected through interviews, empirical observations, or the interpretation of texts, artwork, old maps, and other archives
Quatitative data
Data associated with mathematical modles and satistical techniques used to analyze spatial location and association
Quantitative
A peroid in human geography associated with widspread adoption of mathmatical modles and statistical techniques
Quantitative revolution
a territory that encompasses many places that share similar attributes (may be physical, cultural, or both) in comparison with the attributes of polaces elsewhere
Region
The study of geographic regions
Regional Geography
Observation and mathmatical measurment of the earth's surface ising aircraft and satellites. The sensors include noth photographic imahes, thermal images, multispectura; scanners, and radar images.
Remote Sensing
Geohrapher from the University of California at blerkeley who defined the concept of cultural landscape as the fundamental unit of geographical analysis. This landscape results from interaction between humans and physical envirmont. Sauer argued that virtually no landscape has escaped alteration by human activities.
Carl Sauer
Feelings evoked by people as a result of certain experiences and memories associated with a particular place.
Sense of Place
An intellectual framework that looks at the particular locations of specific phenomena, how and why the phenomena is hwere it is and, finally, how it is spatiallly related to phenomena on other places.
Spatial Perslective
The concept of using the earth's resources in such a way that they provide for people's needs in the present without diminishing the earth's bility to provide for future generations
Sustainability
The study of the earth's intergrated systems as a whole, instead of focusing on particular phenomena in a single place.
Systematic Geography
Individual maps of specific features that are overlaid on one another in a Geogaphical Information System to understand and analyze spatial relationship
Thematic Layers
Lots if different cultures in one area
Local Diversity
The frequency of occurrence or the natural geographic range or place where any item or category of items occurs
Distribution
To extend to other or all parts of the globe
Globalization
A square 6 miles on each side
Township
Some of the North-South lines separating townships are called...
Principal Meridians
East-West lines are designated...
Base Lines
Corresponds to a township location east or west of a pricipal meridian
Range
The name givin to a place on earth
Toponymis
Refers to the physical, gap or interval between two objects.
Space
Up and down lines
Lines of Longitude
Left and Right lines
Lines of Latitude
Ther Meridian that passes through the Rotal Obseritory at Greenwich England is 0o Longitude
Prime Meridian
Also known as Uniform region or a Homogeneous Region is an area with in thich everyone ahres in common one or more distintive charateristics
Formal Region
The physical Charater of a place
Site
The location of a place realtive to another place
Situation
An arc drawn between the north and south poles
Meridian
A circle drawn around the globe parallel to the Equator and ais at right angles to the merdians
Parallel
also called a NOdal Region is an area organised around a node or focal point.
A functional Region
Also known as a prerceptual Region is a place that people beliefs exists as part of there cultural idenity.
A Vernaculer Region
An internal representaion of a portion of the earths surface.
A Mental Map
The body of customery beliefs, material traits, and social forms that together constitute the distinct tradition of a grouip of people
Culture
A system of signal, sound, gesters, and marks that have meaning understood within a cultural group
Language
The Geograhic study of human enviroment realationaship
Cultural Ecology
The physical enviroment caused social develipment , and approach
Envirmental Determination
Physical enviroment my limit some human activities
Possiblisim
Substaces that are useful to people
Resourses
Geographers that study earth's land forms
Geomorpgology
a Piece of land that is created by draining wetlands and protected by dikes
Polder
Does buiness in many place
Transnational coporation
The arrangment of a feature in a space
Distribution
The frequency with which something occurs in space
Density
The extent of a feature spread over space
Concentration
Third property of distrbution Geometric arrangemen of a space.
Pattern
The Spread of an idea through phycical movement of people from one place to another
Relocation Diffusion
The spread of a feature from one place to another ina snowballing process
Expantion Diffusion
the spread of an idea from person or nodes of authority or power to other people
Hierarchical Diffusion
Tailing-off phenonmon
Distance Decay
The process by which a charateristic spreads across spacce from one place to another over time.
Diffusion
The place from which an inovsation originates
A hearth
Th rapid, widespread diffusion of a characteristic throughout the population.
Contagious Diffusion
The spread of an underling principle, even through a characteristic itself apparently fales to diffuse
Stimulus Diffusion
The increasing gap in economic conditions between regions in the core and phriphery that results from globalization of the economy
Uneven Development