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22 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Archaic Period
Is a scholarly term for the history of humans in America during a period of about 5,000 years beginning around 8,000 B.C.
Black Death
A catastrophic epidemic of the bubonic plague that began in Constantinople in 1347.
Cahokia
A major city on a peak 1200 A.D. population about 10,000.
Christopher Columbus
Found the New World in 1492 for funded by Spain.
Clovis people
Migrants that crossed the Bering Strait to then settle in the Americas.
Conquistadores
A Spanish ruthless brutal conqueror.
Coureurs De Bois
Adventurous fur traders and trappers.
Encomienda
Licenses to get labor and tribute from natives.
Henry Hudson
An English explorer employed by the Dutch.
Jamestown
First enduring English settlement in Virginia 1607.
Matrilineal
Inheritance inherited by the mother.
Meso-Americans
The people who now live in Mexico.
Mestizos
People of mixed race people.
Protestant Reformation
Germany 1517 Martin Luther wrote 95 things against the Roman Catholic Church.
Puritans
Ardent people who hoped to purify the church.
Roanoke
A tribe named by Raleigh which lived in today North Carolina.
Samuel de Champlain
Founder of Quebec and led an attack on the Iroquois in 1609.
Separatists
Radical people with own ways of worship.
Seigneuries
Agricultural estates along the St. Lawrence River
Sir Humphrey Gilbert
Veteran of earlier colonial efforts. Went for land but was lost at sea.
Sir Walter Raleigh
Friend of Queen Elizabeth and earlier colonial efforts.
Tenochttlan
A city named by the Mexica in 1300 A.D.