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20 Cards in this Set

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nutrition
The science that studies food and how food nourishes bodies & influences our health
wellness
A multidimensional, lifelong process that includes physical, emotional, & spiritual health
Healthy People 2010
An agenda that emphasizes health promotion & disease prevention across the United States by identifying goals & objectives that we hope to reach as a nation by the year 2010.
nutrients
Chemicals found in foods that are critical to human growth & function.
organic
A substance or nutrient that contains the element carbon.
inorganic
A substance or nutrient that does not contain carbon.
macronutrients
Nutrients that our bodies need in relatively large amounts to support normal function & health. Carbohydrates, fats, & protein are macronutrients.
carbohydrates
The primary fuel source for our bodies, particularly for our brain & for physical exercise.
fats
An important energy source for our bodies at rest & during low intensity exercise.
proteins
The only macronutrient that contains nitrogen; the basic building blocks of proteins are amino acids.
vitamins
Organic compounds that assist is in regulating our bodies' processes.
micronutrients
Nutrients needed in relatively small amounts to support normal health & body functions. Vitamins & minerals are these.
fat-soluble vitamins
Vitamins that are not soluble in fat. These include vitamins A, D, E, & K.
water-soluble vitamins
Vitamins that are soluble in water. These include vitamin C & the B vitamins.
minerals
Inorganic substances that are not broken down during digestion & absorption & are not destroyed by heat or light. Minerals assist in the regulation of many body processes & are classified as major minerals or trace minerals.
major minerals
Minerals we need to consume in amounts of at least 100 milligrams per day & of which the total amount in our bodies is at least 5 grams.
trace minerals
Minerals we need to consume in amounts less than 100 milligrams per day & of which the total amount in our bodies is less than 5 grams.
Dietary Reference Intakes
(DRIs)
A set of nutritional reference values for the United States & Canada that apply to healthy people.
Estimated Average Requirement
(EAR)
The average daily nutrient intake level estimated to meet the requirement of half of the healthy individuals in a particular life stage or gender group.
Recommended Dietary Allowance(RDA)
The average daily nutrient intake level that meets the nutrient requirements of 97 to 98% of healthy individuals in a particular life stage & gender group.