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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The science that studies food and how food nourishes bodies & influences our health
A multidimensional, lifelong process that includes physical, emotional, & spiritual health
Healthy People 2010
An agenda that emphasizes health promotion & disease prevention across the United States by identifying goals & objectives that we hope to reach as a nation by the year 2010.
Chemicals found in foods that are critical to human growth & function.
A substance or nutrient that contains the element carbon.
A substance or nutrient that does not contain carbon.
Nutrients that our bodies need in relatively large amounts to support normal function & health. Carbohydrates, fats, & protein are macronutrients.
The primary fuel source for our bodies, particularly for our brain & for physical exercise.
An important energy source for our bodies at rest & during low intensity exercise.
The only macronutrient that contains nitrogen; the basic building blocks of proteins are amino acids.
Organic compounds that assist is in regulating our bodies' processes.
Nutrients needed in relatively small amounts to support normal health & body functions. Vitamins & minerals are these.
fat-soluble vitamins
Vitamins that are not soluble in fat. These include vitamins A, D, E, & K.
water-soluble vitamins
Vitamins that are soluble in water. These include vitamin C & the B vitamins.
Inorganic substances that are not broken down during digestion & absorption & are not destroyed by heat or light. Minerals assist in the regulation of many body processes & are classified as major minerals or trace minerals.
major minerals
Minerals we need to consume in amounts of at least 100 milligrams per day & of which the total amount in our bodies is at least 5 grams.
trace minerals
Minerals we need to consume in amounts less than 100 milligrams per day & of which the total amount in our bodies is less than 5 grams.
Dietary Reference Intakes
A set of nutritional reference values for the United States & Canada that apply to healthy people.
Estimated Average Requirement
The average daily nutrient intake level estimated to meet the requirement of half of the healthy individuals in a particular life stage or gender group.
Recommended Dietary Allowance(RDA)
The average daily nutrient intake level that meets the nutrient requirements of 97 to 98% of healthy individuals in a particular life stage & gender group.