Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/37

Click to flip

37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
spontaneous generation
a theory that living things are produced from non-living things and ethers
biogenesis
a theory stating that life arises from living things

consistent with biblical truth (GEN 1:24-25)
biotechnology
the use of organisms to manufacture products for people
ecosystem
a combo if all the communities and abiotic factors in an enviroment
organism
any living thing
1) will obey physical laws
2)will obey laws of chemistry
atom
smallest particle of an element that has all the properties of that element
theory
one hypothesis that is supported by many experiments done over a period of time
hypothesis
possible explanation for an event or set of observations
symbiosis
a relationship in which 2 different organisms live in close association:
*mutualism
*commensalism
*parasitism
energy
the ability to do work
interdependence
reliance on others for survival
isotope
atoms of the same element that have different # of neutrons (mass changes)

*radioactive isotopes= unstable nucleui
chemical bond
attractive forces that 2 or more atoms together
metabolism
the sum of all the chemical processes that occur [within an organism]
ion
an atom that has lost or gained an electron
ionic bond
chemical bond

formed btwn ions w/ opposite charges
(transfers electron)
covalent bond
covalent bond

formed btwn atoms that share electrons

[single->double->triple]
catalyst
substance that alters the rate of a chemical reaction w/o being changed or used up
homeostasis
the maintenance of a stable set of internal conditionas [within an organism]
solvent
dissolves another substance
solute
a substance that is dissolved
acid
a compound that releases HYDROGEN
base
a compound that releases hydoxide
cytoplasm
all cells have
cell membrane
all cells have
eukaryote
-contains nucleus
-contains organelles
prokaryote
no nucleus
no membrane-bound organelles
ribosomes
make proteins
ER
involved in making and processing
golgi apparatus
functions in packaging and transporting
mitochondria
gerenerates energy by changing stored energy form food into useful forms (ATP)
lysosome
help break down large molecules
chloroplast
converts sunlight, water and carbon dioxide into energy
-->photosynthesis

plant cells only
vacuoles
storage compartments (water, ions...)

plant cells only
active transport
movement across cell membrane WITH ENERGY
wital->homeostasis
passive transport
movement across cell membrane W/O ENERGY

-->diffusion [high to low]
-->osmosis [water]
bulk movement
movement of large molecules across cell membrane by packaging them in membrane-bound sacs