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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is prehistory?
the long period before writing was invented.
What is theocracy?
The form of gobernment in which priests serve as kings.
What is silt?
a soil rich in minerals, which made the land especially fertile.
What is an artisan?
skilled workers that hammered out plows, scythes, helmets, and swords.
Who were nomads?
peoplev who moved in search of food.
What is polytheism?
a religioin in which the polytheistic people worshipped many gods. They believed that gods and godesses controlled the forces of nature.
What is bronze?
a hard metal made of copper and tin. It was used for tools and weapons.
What is papyrus?
a reed that grew along the Nile's marshy shores. It was used for making paper.
Describle the Nile River.
The Nile River is the longest River in the world. It's considered the source of life in Egypt.. It brings valuable moisture to the parched land. Also, the flood waters carried silt. It served as a major highway, connecting upper egypt to lower egypt. It also provided food.
What is the Rosetta stone?
a slab of black rock which was found in 1799 by french slodiers. On it was an inscription in 3 kinds of writings: Egyption hierogliphics, demotic, and Greek.
Describle upper and lower egypt.
in about 3100 b.c., Menes, the ruler of upper egypt, united the two kingdoms, therefore increasing his power. There capital was at Memphis, where upper and lower egypt met.
What is mummification?
a process that preservied the body of the dead.
Describle the social classes of Egypt. (pyramid)
The pharaoh is at the top of society, jusy below him was a ruling class of priests and nobles. Next came a small middle class of merchants, artisans, doctors, and other skilled workers. Far below, at the bottem of the pyramid, were free peasants and, lastly, athe way bottem, slaves.
Describle the three kingdoms.
The Old Kingdom, The middle kingdom, and the New kingdom.
What are natural Barriers?
barriers that protected the early Nile villages from attack by outsiders.