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23 Cards in this Set

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abnormal behavior
patterns of emotion, thought, and action deemed pathological for 1 or more of the following reasons infrequent occurence, violation of norms, personal distress, disability, or dsyfunction and unexpectedness
asylums
refuges established in western Europe in the 15th century to confine and provide for the mentally ill the forerunner of the mental hospital
cathartic method
a therapeutic procedure introduced by Breur and developed further by Freud in the late 19th century whereby a patient recalls and relives an earlier emotional catastrophe and reexperiences the tension and unhappiness the goal being to relieve emotional suffering
clinical psychologists
an indiv who has earned a Ph. D degree in psychology or a Psy. D and whose training has included an internship in a mental hospital or clinic
demonology
the doctrine that a person's abnormal behavior is caused by an autonomous evil spirit
diagnosis
the determination that the set of symptoms or problems of a patient indicates a particular disorder
exorcism
the casting out of evil spirits by ritualistic chanting or torture
general paresis
caused by neurosyphilis
germ theory
the general view in medcine that disease is caused by infection of the body by minute orgs and viruses
milieu therapy
a treatment procedure that attempts to make the total environment and all personnel and patients of the hospital a therapeutic community conductive to psychological improvement the staff conveys to the patients the expectation that they can and will behave more normally and responsibly
moral treatment
a therapeutic regimen, introduced by Philippe Pinel during the French Revolution whereby mental patients were released from their restraints and were treated with compassion and dignity rather than with contempt and denigration
normal curve
as applied in psychology the bell shaped distribution of a measureable trait depicting most people in the middle and few at the extremes
paradigm
a set of basic assumptions that outlines the universe of scientific inquiry specifying both the concepts regarded as legitimate and the methods to be used in collecting and intrepeting data
psychiatrist
a physician M.D. who has taken specialized post docteral training called a residency in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disease
psychoactive drugs
chemical compounds having a psychological effect that alters mood or thought process ex) valium
psychoanalyst
a therapist who has taken specialized post doctoral training in psychoanalysis after earning an M.D. or a Ph. D degree
psychogenesis
development from psychological origins as distinguished from somatic origins
psychopathologists
mental health professional who conduct research into the nature and development of mental disorders. their academic backgrounds differ; some experimental psychologists psychiatrists, other biochemists
psychopathology
the field concerned with the nature and development of mental disorders
psychotherapy
a primarily verbal means of helping troubled indivs change their thoughts, feelings, behavior to reduce distress and to achieve greater life satisfaction
social worker
a mental health professional who holds a master of social work degree
Somatogenesis
development from bodily origins as distinguished from psychological origins
syndrome
a group or pattern of symptoms that tends to occur together in a particular disease