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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A comprehensive plan that helps employees to reduce their risk of exposure to or acquisition of communicable diseases.
exposure control plan
A confidential group discussion of a severely stressful incident that usually occurs within 24 to 72 hours of the incident.
critical incident stress debriefing (CISD)
An infection control concept and practice that assumes that all body fluids are potentially infectious.
body substance isolation (BSI)
The abnormal invasion of a host or host tissues by organisms such as bacteria, viruses, or parasites, with or without signs or symptoms of disease.
Blood settling to the lowest point of the body, causing discoloration of the skin.
dependent lividity
A disease that is caused by infection, in contrast to one caused by faulty genes, metabolic or hormonal disturbances, emotional trauma, or another cause.
infectious disease
Any disease that can be spread from person to person, or from animal to person.
communicable disease
Stiffening of the body, is a definitive sign of death.
rigor mortis
The federal regulatory compliance agency that develops, publishes, and enforces guidelines concerning safety in the workplace.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
The strength or ability of a pathogen to produce disease.
An animal or person who may transmit an infectious disease but may not display any symptoms of it.
Protective equipment that OSHA requires to be made available to the EMT. In the case of infection risk, PPE blocks entry of an organism into the body.
personal protective equipment (PPE)
The body's three-stage response to stress. First, stress causes the body to trigger an alarm response, followed by a stage of reaction and resistance, and then recovery, or if the stress is prolonged, exhaustion.
general adaptation syndrome
Protective measures that have traditionally been developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for use in dealing with objects, blood, body fluids, or other potential exposure risks of communicable disease.
universal precautions
A condition of chronic fatigue and frustration that results from mounting stress over time.
Exposure or transmission of disease from one person to another by contact with a contaminated object.
indirect contact
The way in which an infectious agent is spread: contact, airborne, by vehicles, or by vectors.
A situation in which a person has had contact with blood, body fluids, tissues, or airborne particles in a manner that suggests that disease transmission may occur.
An infectious disease that is capable of being transmitted from one person to another.
A delayed stress reaction to a prior incident. This delayed reaction is the result of one or more unresolved issues concerning the incident that might have been alleviated with the use of critical incident stress management.
posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
A process that confronts the responses to critical incidents and defuses them, directing the emergency services personnel toward physical and emotional equilibrium.
critical incident stress management (CISM)
A chronic bacterial disease, caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, that usually affects the lungs but can also affect other organs such as the brain or kidneys.
The tactical use of an impenetrable barrier to conceal EMS personnel and protect them from projectiles (eg, bullets, bottles, rocks).
Decomposition of body tissues.
The individual in the department who is charged with the responsibility of managing exposures and infection control issues.
designated officer
Procedures to reduce transmission of infection among patients and health care personnel.
infection control
Exposure or transmission of a communicable disease from one person to another by physical touching.
direct contact
An inflammation of the meningeal coverings of the brain; it is usually caused by a virus or a bacterium.
An infection of the liver, usually caused by a virus, that causes fever, loss of appetite, jaundice, fatigue, and altered liver function.
A microorganism that is capable of causing disease in a susceptible host.
Infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that can progress to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
HIV infection
The organism or individual that is attacked by the infecting agent.