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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
government where one or more individuals had authority over the colony; chose all of the officials
proprietary charter
group of royal advisers that set English policies in the colonies. allowed most colonies to run their own affairs; reviewed colonial laws to make sure they followed English laws
Privy Council
King or Queen selected the governor and council members
Royal Charter
England's national legislature or law making body. colonists based their assemblies on this
lawmaking body made up of two houses, or groups
bicameral legislature
Virgiia's assembly's second house, members were elected by colonists to represent Virginia's plantations n towns
House of Burgesses
center of New England's politics. where people talked about and decided issues of local interest; such as paying for schools. talked about ownership and use of unsettled lands. the men in the community met once or twice a year. also selected officials who would carry out decisions.
Town meetings
he wrote an artical about the royal governor of New York in his newspaper. officials charged hi and accused him of printing a false wrtitten statement that damadged the governor's reputation. he was arrested. proved innocent because he could publish whatever he wanted as long as it was true.
John Peter Zenger
government King James 2 united the northern colonies (connecticut, maine, massachusetts, new hampshire, new jersey, new york, and rhode island)took place of the Northern colonies' original charters
Dominion of New England
royal governor of the Dominion formal governor of New York limited the powers of town meetings in 1688
Sir Edmund Andros
when King James 2 was overthrown because he was trying to change England from a protestant country back to a Catholic one. his daughter mary and her husband William of Orange were asked by Parliament to rule England
Glorious Revolution
act where the powers of English monarchy were reduced. parliament gained power, colonists valued their own right to elect the represetatives that governed them
Englsh Bill of Rights
practice of creating and maintaining wealth by carefully controlling trade
relationship between what goods a country purchases from other countries and what goods it sells to other countries
balance of trade
goods bought from other countries
goods sold to other countries
acts that required colonists to do the bulk of their trading with England; colonists were upset because they wanted freedom to buy or cell goods in whatever markets offered the best prices.
Navagation Acts
economic competition with little government control
free enterprise
trading networks in which goods and slaves moved among England, the American colonies, the west Indies and West Africa
triangular trade
route where New England traders exchanged rum for slaves on the West African coast. brought around 10 milion Africans across the Atlantic Ocean
Middle Passage
slave at 11 years of age.
Olaudah Equiano
crops that were sold for profit ie: tobacco rice idigo
cash crops
laws to control slaves ie: slaves could not hold meetings or own weapons
slave codes
young boys who learned skilled trades, lived with a master craftsman n learned from him. in exchange the boys performed simple tasks
crops that were always needed
staple crops
introduced indigo to the colony after she learned how to grow it on her family's plantation
Eliza Lucas Pinckney
emotional gatherings where people came together to hear sermons and declare their faith
christian movemtnt that became widespread in the American colonies. involved sermons and revivals that emphasized faith in god.
great awakening
leaders of the Great Awakening pastor of the congregational church in Northampton massachusetts. his dramatic sermons urged sinners to seek forgiveness for their sins or face punishemnt in Hell forever
Jonathan Edwards
british minister who made the second of his seven trops to America, he held revivals from Georgia to New England. one of the most popular ministers of the Great Awakening, caused thousands of colonists to find their new faith in christianity
George Whitefield
presbyterian minister who was a leader of the Great Awakening. his sermons attacked the traditionalists as a result the presbyterian church split up ; old side and new side.
Gilbert Tennant
period of great learning when European scientists, mathematicians, and astronomers looked for explanations about how the universe worked
scientific revolution
one of the leading figures in the scientific Revolution demonstrated how the planets revolve around the sun
Galileo Galilei
explained how objects on Earth and in the sky behaved, his theories proved that the same laws of physics govern both. developed much of the scientific method
Sir Isaac Newton
observation of and experimentation with natural events in order to form theories that could predict other natural events or behaviors
Scientific Method
age of reason; movement that began in Europe in the 1700s as people began examining the natural world, society, and government
the American Philosophical Society's second president, designed mathematical and instrumens.
David Rittenhouse
astonomer and surveyor; free African american who lived in maryland, predicted a solar eclipse- when the moon passes over the sun, published his work in an almanac
Benjamin Banneker
most famous colonial scientist. worked first in his father's soap and candle shop. became an apprentice in his brother's printing shop. moved to philadelphia. started a newspaper. published Poor richard's almanack. invented many devices like the lightning rod reduced the risk of fire started by electrical storms, stove, bifocals. proved lightning is a form of electricity. found positive and negative charges in electricity. started first subscription library, opened an academy that became the University of Pennsylvania, founded te American Philosophical Society
Benjamin Franklin
poet that wrote about her love for her family and faith, published in the tenth muse in london
Anne Bradstreet
used religious language and imagery in her poetry; one of the first african americans to have her worked published
Phillis Wheatly