Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/31

Click to flip

31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what helped travel during the 30ad-313ad?
borders were sequre. good system of roads bridges and harbors
whose earlier conquests helped the 'cultural unity'?
Macedonian King Alexander the Great
what was the common language in most places in the empire?
a simplified form of Greek
explain spiritual hunger
people felt an emptiness that material benefits of the time couldn't fill
what was considered to be "the most potent single cause of Christian success" and how was this shown?
putting love into deeds -taught by Jesus
what was the most obvious reason for the success of Christianity?
Jesus
when is it said that Church history began?
the feast of Pnetecost AD 30
who were the first 2 groups of converts
palestinian Jews who spoke Aramaic and had little contact witht he outside world

Greek Jews
who were the Hellenists and where did they go and why?
Greek speaking Jews,

tensions grew between the two groupd of Jewish Christians

fleed to Samaria or Antioch
what is meant by the term gentile?
non Jews
where was the term Christian first used and what was meant by it?
Antioch 40 AD

followers of Jesus
because of the council of Jerusalem who would be spoken to about christianity?
Gentiles
who was especially active in speaking to the Gentiles
Saint Paul
what was the most important city for Christianity in the western part of the Roman Empire
Rome
define the word catholic
universal
Explain how the Church tried to combat gnosticism in 3 ways.
- NEW TESTAMENT - THE CHURCH CREATED LISTS OF THE WRITINGS THAT REFLECTED THE TEACHINGS OF JESUS


- RULE OF FAITH - A PROFESSION OF FAITH WAS COMPILED AS A SHORT STATEMENT OF THE BELIEFS OF THE CHURCH


- APOSTOLIC SUCCESSION - THE LEADERS OF THE CHURCH WERE BISHOPS. THESE BISHOPS COULD TRACE THEIR AUTHORITY DIRECTLY BACK TO JESUS AND THE APOSTLES
Name 6 Church teaching that the GNOSTICS taught against:
- THE HUMANITY OF JESUS

- JESUS BEING BORN OF A VIRGIN


- JESUS DYING ON A CROSS


- GOD BEING THE CREATOR OF THE UNIVERSE


- THE OLD TESTAMENT HAVING VALUE FOR CHRISTIANS


- THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE SACRAMENTS OF BAPTISM AND EUCHARIST
Who were the ‘gnostics’?
THOSE WHO CLAIMED TO POSSESS SPECIAL PERSONAL KNOWLEDGE ABOUT FOR THE CHRISTIAN COMMUNITY THAT WAS UNAVAILABLE TO ORDINARY CHRISTIANS
Who was Edith Stein?
A GERMAN CARMELITE NUN OF JEWISH ANCESTRY SENT TO AUSCHWITZ CONCENTRATION CAMP DURING WORLD WAR II WHERE SHE DIED
What happened in 312 A.D., by whom, what was it called?
EDICT OF MILAN- A PROCLAMATION WAS PASSED GRANTING TOLERANCE TO ALL CHRISTIANS

BY EMPEROR CONSTANTINE
What happened in 303 A.D., by whom, and what was it called?
great persecution- THE WORST PERSECUTIONS OF THE CHRISTIANS WERE LAUNCHED

BY EMPEROR DIOCLETIAN
What happened in 261 A.D., and by whom?
EMPEROR GALLIENUS PASSED A LAW TOLERATING THE CHRISTIAN FAITH
The Emperor Decius did not necessarily want to kill the Christians, but to have them do what?
FORCE THE CHRISTIANS TO RENOUNCE THEIR FAITH
Around 250 A.D., what was passed, by whom, and what was started?
DECIUS PASSED ANTI-CHRISTIAN LAWS AND STARTED THE 1ST EMPIRE-WIDE PRSECUTIONS
What 2 famous people probably died during this time (64 A.D.)?
PETER AND PAUL
Who was responsible for starting the persecutions, why?
EMPEROR NERO

BLAMED THE CHRISTIANS FOR BURNING ROME... HE PROBABLY STARTED HIMSELF
What resulted from these rumors about the christians?
PERSECUTION OF THE CHRISTIANS
What were the 2 rumors that worried the Romans about the Christians?
STRANGE CEREMONIES INVOLVING CANNIBALISM

FORBIDDEN SEXUAL PRACTICES
What were the 2 problems with the Christians?
THEY DID NOT WORSHIP PAGAN gods,

THEY REFUSED TO HONOR THE ROMAN EMPEROR AS a god
Assembling what we know as the New Testament took place during what time?
FROM THE END OF THE 2ND CENTURY INTO THE 4TH CENTURY (100’s TO THE 300’s)
What is the difference between ‘church’ and ‘Church’?
‘church’ = THE BUILDING

‘CHURCH’ = THE PEOPLE OF THE FAITH