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24 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
feeling, or affect, that occurs when a person is in a state or an interaction that is important to him or her, especially to his or her well-being.
primary emotion
emotions that are present in humans and other animals, emerge in life, and are culturally universal; examples are joy, anger, sadness, fear, and disgust.
self-conscious emotion
emotions that require self-awareness; they include empathy, jealousy, and embarrassment, which first appear at about 1 1/2 tp 2 years. and pride, shame, and guilt, which first appear at about 2 1/2 of age.
basic cry
a rhythmic pattern usually consisting of a cry, a briefer silence, a shorter inspiracy whistle that is higher pitched than the main cry, and then a brief rest before the next cry.
anger cry
a cry similar to the basic cry but with more excess air forved through the vocal cords (associated with exasperation or rage)
pain cry
a sudden appearance of loud crying without preliminary moaning and a long initial cry followed by an extended period of breath holding.
reflexive smile
a smile that does not occur in response to external stimuli and apperars during the first month after birth, usually during sleep.
social smile
a smile in responce to an external stimulus, which, early development typically is a face.
stranger anxiety
an infant's fear of and wariness toward strangers; it tends to appear in the second half of the first year of life.
separation protest
occurs when infants experience a fear of being separated from a caregiver, which results in crying when the caregiver leaves.
socioemotional selectivity theory
the theory that older adilts become more selective about their social networks. because they place high value on emotional satisfaction, older adults often spend more time with familiar individuals with whom they have had rewarding relationships.
an individual's behavioral style and characteristic emotional response.
easy child
a temperament style in which the child is generally is a positive mood, quickly establishes regular routines and adapts easily to new experiences.
difficult child
a temperament style in which the child tends to react negatively and cry frequently, engages in irregular daily routines, and is slow to acceot new experiences.
slow-to-warm up child
a temperament style in which the child has low activity level, is somewhat negative, shows low adaptability, and displays a low intensity of mood.
goodness of fit
the match between a child's temperament and the enviromental demands the child must cope with.
a close emotional bond between two people
strange situation
Ainsworth's observational measure of infant attachment to a catefiver that requires the infant to moce through a series of introductions, separations, and reunions with the caregiver and an adult stranger in a prescribed order.
securely attached babies
babies who use the caregiver as a secure base from which to explore the environment.
insecure avoidant babies
babies who show insecurity by avoiding their mother.
insecure resistant babies
babies who might cling to the caregiver, then sesist her by fighting against the closeness, perhaps by kicking of puching away.
insecure disorganized babies
babies who show insecurity by being disorganized and disoriented.
romantic love
also called passionate love or eros, this type of love has strong components of sexuality and infatuation, and it often predominates in the early part of a love relationship.
affectionate love
also called companionate love, this type of love occurs when individuals desire to have another person near and have a deep, caring affection for the person.