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44 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Q.Objectives
Understand storage options for Windows Server 2008
Use the Disk Management tool to configure and manage storage
Explain and configure RAID disk storage fault tolerance
Understand storage enhancements in Windows Server 2008
Back up disk storage
Q.Basic disk
One that uses traditional disk management techniques and contains...
primary partitions, extended partitions, and logical drives
Q.Dynamic disk
One that does not use ...
traditional partitioning
Q.Dynamic disk architecture provides more flexibility than basic disks
- So there is virtually no restriction on the number of volumes that can be on one disk
Q.Partitioning
A process that blocks...
a group of tracks and sectors to be used by a particular file system, such as NTFS
Q.Formatting
A process that creates a...
table containing file and folder information for a specific file system in a partition
Q.Volume
A logical designation of...
disk storage that is created out of one or more physical disks
Is partitioned and formatted with one file system
Q. Basic disks recognize primary and extended partitions
Basic disks also can be configured for any of three RAID levels:
Disk striping (RAID level 0)
Disk mirroring (RAID level 1)
Disk striping with parity (RAID level 5)
Q. RAID stands for redundant array of inexpensive (or independent) disks
A set of standards for lengthening disk life and preventing data loss
DISK O: Primary NTFS partition System (C:); NTFS partition Programs (D:); NTFS partition Users (E:); NTFS partition Documents (F:)
DISK 1: NTFS partition Database (G:); NTFS partition Backups (H:); Unformatted extended partition
Q. Volume and Stripe Sets
Volume set
Consists of ...
two or more partitions that are combined to look like one volume with a single drive letter
Q. Stripe set
Two or more
disks that are combined like a volume set, but that are striped for RAID level 0 or RAID level 5
Q. Dynamic Disks
A dynamic disk does not use traditional partitioning
- Makes it possible to set up a large number of volumes on one disk
- Provides the ability to extend volumes onto additional physical disks
Q. The number of disks that can be incorporated into one spanned volume is ...
limited to 32
Q. Plan to convert basic disks
to dynamic disks after you install Windows Server 2008
Q. - Simple volume
A portion of a disk or an entire disk that is set up as a dynamic disk
Can be extended onto multiple sections of the same disk
Q. - Spanned volume
- Stored on 2 to 32 dynamic disks that are treated as one volume
- As you add new disks, the spanned volume can be extended to include each disk
80 GB + 80 GB + 100 GB + 120 GB =
380 GB spanned volume. Creating one spanned volume from four disks
Q. -Shrinking a volume
-Windows Server 2008 comes with the ability to shrink a basic or dynamic disk volume
-Shrinking a volume enables you to create a new partition when one is needed and you don’t have extra disks
-When you shrink a volume, Windows Server 2008 starts from the end of that volume
-Works its way back through contiguous space to create unallocated disk space
-You can specify the amount of space to recover
- Disk Management tool
-Provides a central location for viewing disk information and
performing tasks such as creating and deleting partitions and volumes
Creating a Partition and Simple Volume
- Partitions operate as separate storage units on a hard disk
- The most basic way to create a partition is to take unallocated disk space
--Use the New Simple Volume Wizard to create a simple volume
-You can also delete a partition using the Disk Management tool
-Once a partition is formatted, it is called a volume and can be assigned a drive letter
Q. Mounting a Drive
WS08 enables you to mount a drive as an alternative to giving it a drive letter.
Q. Mounted drive
One that appears as a folder and is accessed through a path like any other folder
You can mount a basic or dynamic disk drive, a CD/DVD drive, or a removable drive
Q. -Home directory or home folder
- A server folder that is associated with a user’s account and that is a designated workspace for the user to store files
Q. Managing Disks
- Using Disk Defragmenter
- When you save a file to a disk, Windows Server 2008 saves the file to the first area of available space
- The file might not be saved to a contiguous area of free space
-The disk gradually becomes fragmented
Q. The process of defragmenting
-Locates fragmented folders and files and moves them to a location on the physical disk so they are in contiguous order
Q. Using Disk Check
- The Disk Check tool allows you to...
scan you disk for bad sectors and file system errors.
Q. This tool is meant for use when no users need to access the files on the disk you want to check.
- Because the disk is made unabailable during the scan for problems.
Q. - Options:
- Automatically fix file system erros
- Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors
- Using chkdsk
You can also check your disk for errors by running the chkdsk utility from the Command Prompt window
- In NTFS, chkdsk ckecks files, folders, indexes, security descriptors, user files, sectors, and disk allocation units.
Q. Mounting a Drive
WS08 enables you to mount a drive as an alternative to giving it a drive letter.
Q. Mounted drive
One that appears as a folder and is accessed through a path like any other folder
You can mount a basic or dynamic disk drive, a CD/DVD drive, or a removable drive
Q. -Home directory or home folder
- A server folder that is associated with a user’s account and that is a designated workspace for the user to store files
Q. Managing Disks
- Using Disk Defragmenter
- When you save a file to a disk, Windows Server 2008 saves the file to the first area of available space
- The file might not be saved to a contiguous area of free space
-The disk gradually becomes fragmented
Q. The process of defragmenting
-Locates fragmented folders and files and moves them to a location on the physical disk so they are in contiguous order
Q. Using Disk Check
- The Disk Check tool allows you to...
scan you disk for bad sectors and file system errors.
Q. This tool is meant for use when no users need to access the files on the disk you want to check.
- Because the disk is made unabailable during the scan for problems.
Q. - Options:
- Automatically fix file system erros
- Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors
- Using chkdsk
You can also check your disk for errors by running the chkdsk utility from the Command Prompt window
- In NTFS, chkdsk ckecks files, folders, indexes, security descriptors, user files, sectors, and disk allocation units.
[volume] (such as C:)
Specifies that chkdsk only check the designated volume
[filename] (such as *.dll)
Enables a check of the specified file or files only
chkdsk/c
Uses an abbreviated check of the folder structure
chkdsk/f
Instructs chkdsk to fix errors that it finds.
chkdsk/f
Instructs chkdsk to fix errors that it finds
chkdsk/i
Uses an abbreviated ckeck of indexes
chkdsk/L:size
Enables you to specify the size of the log file created by the disk check
chkdsk/x
Dismounts or lock a volume before starting
Introduction to Fault Tolerance
- Fault tolerance
The ability of a system to gracefully recover from hardware or software failure
-Windows Server 2008 provides a level of fault tolerance through software-level RAID
-With fault tolerance, data is written to more than one drive
--In the event one drive fails, data can still be accessed from one of the remaining drives
RAID Volume
- RAID is a set of standards for lengthening disk life, preventing data loss, and enabling relatively uninterrupted access to data.
RAID level 0
- Striping with no other redundancy features is RAID level 0
RAID level 1
-