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30 Cards in this Set

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Acculturation
The cultural modification or change resulting from one cultuer group or individual adopting traits of a more advanced or dominant society; cultural development through "borrowing."
adaptation
A presumed modification of heritable traits through response to environmental stimuli.
amalgamation theory
in human georgraphy, the concept that multiehnic societies become a merger of the culture traits of their member groups.
assimilation
the social process of mergining into a composite culture, losing separate ethnic or social identity and becoming culturally homgenized.
creole
A language developed from a pidgin to become the native tongue of a society.
cultural ecology
The study of the interactions between societies and the natural environments they occupy.
cultural intergration
the interconnectedness of all aspect of a culture; no part can be altered without impact upon other culture.
cultural landscape
thenatural landscape as modified by human activities and bearing the imporint of a culture group or society; the built environment.
culture
A society's collective beliefs, symbols, values, forms of behaior, and social organizations, together with its tools, structures, and artifacts; transmitted as a heritage to succeeding genrations and undergoing adoptions, modifications, and changes in the porcess.
culture complex
An intergrated assemblage of culture traits descriptive of one aspect of a society's behavior or activity.
culture hearth
a nuclear area within which an advanced and distinctive set of culture traits develops and forom which there is diffusion of distinctive technologies and ways of life.
culture realm
A collective of culture regions sharing related culture systems; a major world area having sufficient distinctiveness to be perceived as set apart from other realms in its cultural characteristics and complexes.
culture region
A formal or functional within which common cultural characteristics prevail. It may be based on single cultrue traits, on culture complexes, or on political,social, or economic intergration.
culture system
A generalization suggesting shared, identifying traits uniting two or more culture complexes.
cultue trait
A single distinguishing feature of regular occurrence within a culture, suchj as the use of chopsticks or the observance of particular caste system; a single element oflearned behavior.
dialect
A regional or socioeconomie variation of a more widely spoken language
environmental determinism
The view that the physical environment, particularly climate, molds human behavior and conditions cultureal development.
ethnicity
The social status afforded to, usually, a minority group within a national population. Recognition is based primarily upon culture traits such as religion, distinctive customs, or native or ancestral national origin.
ethnic religion
A religion identified with a particular ethnic group and largely excluive to it.
folk culture
The body of institutions, customs, dress, artifacts, collective wisdoms, and traditions of a homogeneous isolated, largely self0 sufficiet, and relatively static social grop.
gender
the socially created, not biologically based, distinctions between feminity and masculinity.
gene flow
The passage of genes characteristic of one breeding population into the gene pool of another by interbreeding.
genetic drift
A chance modification of gene composition occurring in an isolated population and becoming accentuated through in breeding.
ideological subsystem
the complex of ideas, beliefs, knowledge, and means of their communication that characterize a culture.
innovation
introduction into an area of new ideas, practices, or objects; an alternation of custom or culture that originates within the social group itself.
language family
A group of languages thought to have descended from a single, common ancestral tongue.
lingua franca
Any of the various auxiliary languages used as common tongues among people of an area where several languages are spoken.
matrial culture
the tangible, physical items produced and used by members of a specific culture group and reflective of their traditions, lifesytles, and technologies.
natural selection
the process of survival and reproductive success of individuals or groups best adjusted to their environment, leading to the perpetuation of those genetic qualities most suite to that environment.
nonmaterial culture
the oral traditions, songs, and stories of a culture group along with its beliefs and customary behaviors.