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73 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
early religion
nature spirits
etruscan influence -> deities
adopted greek religion
worship freely
Christianity originally
sect of Judaism
Jews treated @ 1st
allowed to practice religion
treated cruely
messiah
deliverer sedt by God, help regain freedom, fortold by prophets
1st Jewish rebellion
believed God would intervene on ther behalf
rebelled
overwealmed army in Jeruselem
Romans took back city
destroyed temple
killed 1000s of Jews
2nd jewish rebellion
unsucessful
Jews banned from living in Jeruselem
accademies to promote study of Torah
yashivas
rabbis
scholars trained in yesivas
Talmund
interpritaoins of Torah
by rabbis
Jesus traveled
Judea & Galilee - preeched
Jesus from
nazareth
disciples
followers of Jesus
Jesus preeched
God's rule close @ hand
turn away from sins & do kindness
God loving & forgiving if repent
parables
symbolic stories
folowers of Jesus
disciples
Pontius Pilate
Roman gov.
arrested Jesus
political rebel
crucified
Jesus & messiah
disciples - was
Jews - wasn't
disciples said after Jesus' death
risen from dead
son of God
way of salvation
churches for
worship
fellowship
instruction
Paul
apostle
spread christianity
letters - part of New Testement
apostles
christian missionaries
christian missionaries
apostles
Peter
leader of apostles
founded church in Rome
why Romans didn't like christians
criticizes way of life
not accept emperor as god
would bring divine punnishment
wouldn't serve in army
die rather than give up beliefs
martyrs
martyrs did
kept people from being christians
also inspiered
christianity competed w/
polytheism
mystery religions
Judaism
christianity more common in
cities
Constantine & christianity
battle - cross in sky - w/ this as your standard you shall have victory - paint cross on shields - won - Edict of Milan - convertd on deathbed
Edict of Milan
constantine
religios freedom
Theodosius
christiantiy official religion - banned all others
Confessions
Augutine
1 of 1st great autobiographies
City of God
Augustine
1st history from Christian veiw
church hierarchy
priest -> bishop -> archbishop -> pope
bishops of 5 main cities
patriarchs
Rome, Constantinople
Alexandria, Antioch, Jeruselem
doctrine
exepted beliefs
pope
bishop of Rome said had authority over other bishops - recognized in W not E - churches separated
Roman Catholic & Eastern Orthodox
Comodus
state money on pleasures - bankrupted empire - killed by own troops
"barracks emperors"
28 installed by military (AD 192-284) & killed off all but 1
disrupted trade
pirates, war, Germanic tribes
economic decline caused by
trade disrupted
upperclass spend money
inflation
bad harvest
inflaton (def.)
drop in coin value & raise in prices
more coins
less resources - less value
gov. raised taxes
raised prices
poor harvest
b/c war
farmers lost lands
food shortage
pop. decline
Germanic tribes (names)
VAVBOFS
Visigoths
Angles
Vandals
Burgundians
Ostrogoths
Franks
Saxons
persian threat
captured Syria, Anatolia
decline - army
loyal to commanders
who fought among selves for throne
mercenaries
no loyalty, cheeper
mercenaries
no loyalty, cheeper
loyalty & patriotism
lost - indiferent to fate of empire - few people want to be in gov. - cost more & dangerous
Diocletian
absolute rular
limited personal freedom
divided empire
increased prestiege of emperor
reforms
Diocletian & Constantine
preserved gov. in E
delayed invasion in W
Diocletian reforms
rased # of legions
divided empire
Edict of Prices
stop farmers from leaving lands
jobs hereditary
Constantine reforms
moved capital
Edict of Milan
Theodosus
2 separate empires
reaqsons for invasions
good grazing land
good climate
wanted part of Rome's wealth
fleeing huns
Visigoth chief
Aleric
Huns
nomadic group
firece warriers
invaded Gaul
plundered Itlay
chief of huns
Attila - "scourge of God" - punishment for being bad
Odoacer
siezed control of Rome
killed emperor Romulus Augustus
named self king of Italy
"Fall" of empire
AD 476
devision of empire
2 administrative units
Diocletan - E
Maximian - W
Edict of Prices
froze prices & wages
penalty death
created black market
increase of presteige of emperor
son of Jupitor
cerimonis
so not assasinated
location of Byzantium
trade, defence, bosporus straight
assasinators of Ceasar
Bruts & Cassius
Augustus' reforms
rebuilt city
roads
civil service
census
praetorian guard
low coat grain
citizenship in provences
Flavian emperors
Vespasian, Titus, Domitian
Good emperors
Marcus Aurelius, Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antonius Pius
mediation by
Marcus Aurelius
Aneaid by
virgil
architechtural schievements of Rome
aqueducts
baths
Pantheon
Circus Maximus
Coleseum
Hadrian's Wall
roads
concrete
arch
dome
Aneaid by
virgil