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26 Cards in this Set

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Acute
of disease or disease symptoms) beginning abruptly with marked
intensity or sharpness, then subsiding after a relatively short period
Asymptomatic
without symptoms
Chronic
(of disease or disorder) persisting for a long period, often for the remainder of a person’s lifetime
Diverticulitis
inflammation of one or more diverticula. The penetration of fecal matter through the thin-walled diverticula causes inflammation and abscess formation in the tissues surrounding the colon.
Jaundice
a yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and sclerae of the eyes, caused by greater than normal amounts of bilirubin in the blood. Jaundice is a symptom of many different disorders including liver disease, biliary Obstruction, and hemolytic anemias
Necrosis
localized skin death that occurs in groups of cells in response to disease or injury.
Parenteral
pertaining to treatment other than through the digestive system.
Peritonitis
an inflammation of the peritoneum.
Ascites
Accumulation of serous fluid in the abdomin
Cachexia
General lack of nutrition and wasting occurring in the course of a chronic disease or emotional disturbance
Colic
Spasm in any hollow or tubular soft organ accompanied by pain, especially in the colon.
Dyspepsia
Epigastric discomfort felt after eating; also called indigestion
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
Backflow of gastric contents into the esophagus due to a malfunction of the sphincter muscle at the interior portion of the esophagus.
Pyloric stenosis
stricture or narrowing of the pyloric
Endoscopy
Lower GI
Endoscopy of the colon (colonoscopy), sigmoid colon (sigmoidoscopy), and rectum and anal canal (proctoscopy).
Liver function tests
Tests involving measurement of the levels of certain enzymes, bilirubin, and various proteins
Percutaneous
Radiographic examination of the bile ducts.
Ileorectal
Surgical connection of the ileum and rectum after total colectomy, as is sometimes performed in the treatment of ulcerative colitis
Intestinal
Surgical connection of two portions of the intestines; also called
Enteroenterostomy.
Polypectomy
Excision of a polyp
Pyloromyotomy
: Incision of the longitudinal and circular muscles of the pylorus, used to treat hypertrophic pyloric stenosis
Antacids
A base used to neutralize stomach acid. Used for the treatment of heartburn and acid reflux
Antidiarrheals
Control loose stools; relieve diarrhea by producing a therapeutic effect by absorbing excess water in the stool or slowing peristalsis in the intestinal tract.
Antiemetics
Control nausea and vomiting. The majority of antiemetics block nerve impulses to the vomiting center in the brain.
Antispasmodics
Decrease gastrointestinal spasms. Antispasmodics are anticholinergics that decrease spasms by slowing peristalsis
EDG
esophagogastroduodenoscopy.