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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Persian King
Cyrus II
how persians ruled
tolerently
Ionian reaction to persian rule
disliked - used to democracy, revolted
defeated Ionian revolt
Darius I - Cyrus' son
reason for Persian war
punish greeks for helping ionian revolt
1st attack in Persian war
tried - N coast of Aegean - storm destroyed ships
coastal plain N of athens
Marathon
how athenians won marathon
hoplite infantry
Darius' son
Xerxes - continued war
"wooden wall"
Oracle of Delphi said greeks would be safe - Themistocles thought wall of ships
Athenian Gen. fought battle of Salamis
Themistocles
mountain pass N of athens
thermopylae
King of sparta - made stand @ Thermopylae
Leonidas
How greeks defeated @ thermopylae
greek traitor showed path to attack from behind
where is Salamis
narrow straight between Athens & Island of Salamis
athenian buildings
homes - simple
public - lavish
athenian homes
dinning room, well room (spinning & weaving), around courtyard
athenian slaves
mostly foreigners, 1/3 of pop., did most of work
athenian woman's day
cook, spin, weave, poor - food sellers
upper class men drinking session after banquet & discuss stuff
symposium
athenian man's day
morning - work
afternoon - assembly of gymnasium
athenian women
many literate, participated in festivals
Aspacia
smart & charming woman, tried to get more edu. & freedom, prosecuted & charged w/ impiety (aquitted)
impiety
disloyalty to gods
Delian league name
tresury on island of delos
downfall of delian league
Pericles:
athens dominated others, used tresury for parthenon, trials only in athens, others had to use coins, supported others' rebelions
Peloponestion war
sparta - no navy
deal w/ persians - ionia for gold
plague -1/3 + pericles died
lost allies
later surrendered
effects of Pel. war
weak, lost faith in democracy, sparta tried to rule
Thebes alliance
overthrew sparta, poor rulars
classical style
simplicity, balance
parthenon
athena, acropolos, optical elusion
"golden mean"
nothing in excess
murals
none left, know from descriptions
1st plays
tragities
1st graeat tragity writter
orestia
Aeschylus
human suffering part of life Oedipus Rex
Sophocles
hated war
the trojan women
Euripides
comedy, social satire
aristophanes
olympic events
running, chariots, discus, wrestling, broad jump, pentathalon
women's olympics
honor of hera, other palce
reason called marathon
news to athens, "Nike!", died
3 goals of pericles
athens most beautiful, strengthen democracy, powerful empire
Thomas Bruce
"elgin marbles" from parthenon to brit. museum
discus thrower
Myron
statue of athean in pathenon
Phidias, armor, precios metals, nike in hand
the doryphorbus
policlytus, math create perfect human form
slightly of background
low relief
farther off background
high reliefb
Helenistic style
emotion, realism
pottery
red & black, trade, scenes of myth & daily life
tragety
family dynamics, trajic flaw in hero