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104 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Aramaen capital
Damascus
Aramaen capital
Damascus
Armaens from
central syria
Aramaens main thing
control trade between Egypt & Mesopotamia
language of Aramaens
Aramaic
Aramaic
main language of fertil cresent
related to Arabic & Hebrew
parts of Bible
location of Canaan
between Egypt & Syria
now Lebanon, Israel, Jordan
phoenicians location
Canaan
phoenicians were
semetic migrating group
Palestine means
"land of the Philistines" in latin
Philistines
neibors of Phoenicians
from E mediterranian
how Phoenicians traded
sailing
Why phoenicians sailed
laked land for farming
had timber
Why phoenicians sailed
laked land for farming
had timber
Tyre
leader of Phoenician confederation of city-states
confedeeration
loose union
how phoenicians ploted sea voyages
by sun & stars
how far phonecians sailed
S spain, W africa
some think british isles
took charge of trade in mediterranian
phoenicians
phoenicians traded
cedar logs
purple textiles
glass
jewalry
for precious metals
phoenicians nw trading practices
bills od sale
contracts
Phoenician alphbet
rep. sounds
buissiness advantage
22 characters - consenants
mentaly supply vowels
adopted by greeks -> our alphabet
no need for scribes
colonies
settlements of imagrants
Lydians from
asia minor
Asia Minor
pen. between mediterranian, Aegean, & Black seas
Lydian natural resource
Gold
Barter
exchange of wares for other goods
Phoenician religion
main god - El/Baal/Melqart
mother goddess - Astarte
young god of rebirth - Adonis
Israelites lived @ first
Canaan
monotheism
belief in one god whose commands are revealed by prophets
prophets
holy mesengers
Israelites god
"Yahweh"
determined right & wrong
moral responsibility
believed universal
who was Abraham
hurder & trader eho lived in the city of Ur - left & settled in Canaan & Yahweh's command
covenant means
agreement
covenant
Gog bless Abraham in return for loyalty
Israelites shared Canaan w/
Phoenicians & Philistines
Jason
Abraham's grandson
12 sons leaders of 12 tribes
went to egypt
Israelites in Egypt
first few generations - lived in peace
then inslaved
Exodus means
departure
Moses
prophet - lead exodus into sinai desert - renewed covenant - 10 comandments
Joshua
Moses' succesor - lead Israelites accros the Jordan & into Canaan
Deborah
wize judge
Saul
1st israelite king
unpopular - couldn't defeat Philistines
David
fought Philistine Goliath
rule:
capital - Jeruselem
central gov.
enlarge borders
economic prosperity
Soloman
David's son
Temple in Jeruselem
people resented labor & taxes
after dead - tribes split
Northern tribes
10, Israel
Southern tribes
2, Judah, capital Jeruselem, oregin of word "Jew"
Invasion of Israelites
Israel - Assyrians
Judah - Chaldans
Chaldan invasion
destryed temple in Jeruselem inslaved people
exile in Babylon
Jeremiah
prophet during exile
blamed exile on unfaithfulness
helped retain religion
religion during exile
no temple, small groups met on sabbath, rise of synagogues
retern to Jeruselem
Persians conquered Chaldeans
Cyrus II - let jews return to restore temple
some stayed
Diaspora
Greek "skattered" - Jews outside of homeland
source of info about israelites
Torah & Bible
Hitties from
Anatolia
Hittites soldier's equiptment
first - iron weapons
chariots
Hittite chariots
spoke-wheeled
2 soldiers & driver
cold feild twice as many soldiers
Hittite empire
Asia Minor, Syria, part or Mesopotamia
Hittite culture
borrowed from mesopotamia & egypt
Hittite law code
payment instead of punishment
less harsh
Assyrians from
N mesopotamia
why Assyrians warlike
constant invasions
Sucess of Assyrian army
organization
Assyrian weapons
iron, battering rams
Assyrians treated conquered
crually
Assyrian empire
Persian Gulf to Egypt & Asia Minor
Gov. of Assyrian empire
provinces under govenors - reported directly to king, taxes - army & building projects
Assyrian Capital
Nineveh
Built roads
Assyrians
comunication, gov. mesengers, merchants, prtected by soldiers
downfall of Assyrian empire
Chaldans & medes allied & conquered
other name for chaldans
"new babylonians"
Nebuchadnezzer
Chaldan king, rebuilt babylon - hanging gardens
Hanging guardens
1 of 7 wonders
many levels
for Nebuchadnezzer's wife
see from any part of babylon
water pumped from river
After nebuchadnezzer's death
weak kings, conquered by Persians
Persians lived
plateau between persian gulf & arabian sea
Persians were
warriers & cattle herders
Persians were
warriers & cattle herders
Cyrus
persian king
conquered Medes, Greece, Lydia, Phoenicians, Syria, Canaan
Cambyses
persian king - Cyrus' son
all middle east under control
Nile to Indus river
Darius I
persin king, provinces, officers from conquered people, "eyes & ears", tolerant rulars
satraps
provincial govenors
Persopolis
magnificent, artisans from conquered
Persians & trade
"indecent occupation" incorage people of empire, though
Improove roads
persians
Royal road
Persians, statins for mesengers - food, water, horses
Xerxes
Darius' son, lost when tried to conquer greeks
Cultuere of Persians
moral code - bravery & honesty
Persian religin before Zoroaster
sun, sky, fire gods
Zoroaster
Persian religious reform - good vs. evil
Ahura Mazda vs. Ahriman
had to choose -
good - eternal life
bad - misery after death
Persian monarchy
"sacred institution"
great respect
like western
celestial navigation
find way by moon & stars
Purple dye
boiling snails
color of royalty
Phoenician glass
1st to have windows
sand rich in silica
Carthage
phoenician city-state
Carthage
phoenician city-state
word "alphabet"
1st 2 letters of phoenician "
"Alpha" & "Bet"
Lydian coins
1st, gold & silver
stamped w/ pictuer of king
adapted by others
Palestine
crossroads of Mediterranian & Red seas
Judges
ruled 12 tribes
most-not all-men
Judges
ruled 12 tribes
most-not all-men
Assyrian's writing
Cunea form
babylon gate
god Ishtar
blue tile
Ten Thousend Imortals
elite group loyal to Darius - helped seize throne
Zoroaster's book
Avester