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85 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
integument
covering
-ary
pertaining to
ep, epi
upon, above
anti
against
par
around
sub
below, under
hyper
above, excessive
hypo
below, deficient
cutane
skin
erythr/o
red
hidr
sweat
icter
jaundice
kel
tumor
melan, melan/o
black
myc
fungus
onych, onych/i, onych/o
nail
pachy
thick
pedicul
louse
xer/o
dry
ungu
nail
prurit
itching
rhytid, rhytid/o
wrinkle
seb/o
oil
trich/o
hair
pil/o
hair
-clysis
injection
-ia, -osis
condition of
-ist
one who specializes
-itis
inflammation
-oid
resemble
derm, derm/o
skin
dermat, dermat/o
skin
-oma
tumor
-um
tissue
-tome
instrument to cut
-rrhea
flow, discharge
-plasty
surgical repair
-phagia
to eat
-logy, log
study
-ous
pertaining to
-al
pertaining to
-ary
pertaining to
-ic
pertaining to
carcin
cancer
keratin
tough protein substance
hirsutism (HER soot ism)
excessive growth of hair in unusal places
macule (MACK yool)
discolored spot on skin (ex: freckle)
papule (PAP yool)
solid, circumscribed, elevated area (ex: pimple)
vesicle (VESS ih kl)
small, fluid filled sac (ex: blister)
crust
dry, serous or seropurulent exudation (ex: eczema)
scale
thin, dry flake of cornified epithelial cells (ex: psoriasis)
wheal (WEEL)
localized, evanescent elevation (ex: urticaria)
postule (PUS tyool)
small, elevated, circumscribed lesion that is filled with pus (ex: chickenpox)
nodule (NOD yool)
larger papule (ex: acne)
decubitus (dee KYOO bih tus)
bedsore
lentigo (len TYE goh)
freckle
varicell (var ih SELL ah)
chickenpox
cicatrix (SIK ah triks)
scar left after the healing of a wound
keloid (KEE loyd)
overgrowth of scar tissue due to excessive collagen
-ectomy
surgical excision (removal)
dehiscence (dee HIS sens)
separation or bursting open of a surgical wound
comedo (KOM ee doh)
blackhead
nevus (NEV us)
mole
verruca (ver ROO kah)
wart
abrasion
scraping away of skin or mucous membrane
debridement (day breed MON)
removal of foreign material, dead or damaged tissue from a wound
laceration (lass er Ay shun)
irregular tearing of a surface, especially skin
rubeola (roo be OH lah)
measles
urticaria (er tih KAY ree ah)
eruption of itching and burning swellings of the skin; hives
alopecia (al oh PEE she ah)
baldness
Integumentary System
Composed of the skin and its accessory structures: hair, nails, sebaceous glands and sweat glands.
skin (protection)
Serves as a protective membrane against invasion by bacteria and other harmful agents.
skin (protection)
Also serves to inhibit loss of water and electrolytes. Helps to produce the body's supply of vitamin D.
What are the main functions of skin?
protection, regulation, sensation and secretion.
skin (regulation)
Serves to raise or lower body temperature.
skin (sesation)
contains millions of microscopic nerve endings that act as sensory receptors.
skin (secretion)
contains millions of sweat glands, which secrete perspiration and sebaceous glands, which secrete oil for lubrication.
Epidermis
is the outer layer of skin and is divided into four strata.
strata corneum
forms protective covering for the body
stratum lucidum
translucent layer that is frequently absent and not seen in thinner skin
stratum granulosum
active in keratination process, its cells become hard and horny
stratum germinativum
responsible for the regeneration of the epidermis
papillae
produces ridges that are one's fingerprints
melanin
the pigment that gives color to the skin and is formed in the stratum germinativum
Tinea
ringworm