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46 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
CHASTE, ADJ
1 : innocent of unlawful sexual intercourse
2 : CELIBATE
3 : pure in thought and act : MODEST
4 a : severely simple in design or execution : AUSTERE <chaste classicism> b : CLEAN, SPOTLESS
CHASTISE, V
1 : to inflict punishment on (as by whipping)
2 : to censure severely : CASTIGATE
3 archaic : CHASTEN 2
CHICANERY, N
: deception by artful subterfuge or sophistry : TRICKERY
2 : a piece of sharp practice (as at law) : TRICK
CHARLATAN, N
1 : QUACK 2
2 : one making usually showy pretenses to knowledge or ability : FRAUD, FAKER
CHAOS, N
1 obsolete : CHASM, ABYSS
2 a often capitalized : a state of things in which chance is supreme; especially : the confused unorganized state of primordial matter before the creation of distinct forms -- compare COSMOS b : the inherent unpredictability in the behavior of a natural system (as the atmosphere, boiling water, or the beating heart)
3 a : a state of utter confusion b : a confused mass or mixture <a chaos of television antennas>
CIRCUMSPECT, ADJ
: careful to consider all circumstances and possible consequences : PRUDENT
synonym see CAUTIOUS
CITADEL, N
1 : a fortress that commands a city
2 : STRONGHOLD
CITE, V
1 : to call upon officially or authoritatively to appear (as before a court)
2 : to quote by way of example, authority, or proof
3 a : to refer to; especially : to mention formally in commendation or praise b : to name in a citation
4 : to bring forward or call to another's attention especially as an example, proof, or precedent
synonym see SUMMON
CIVILITY, N
1 archaic : training in the humanities
2 a : COURTESY, POLITENESS b : a polite act or expression
CLANDESTINE, ADJ
marked by, held in, or conducted with secrecy : SURREPTITIOUS
synonym see SECRET
CLARITY, N
: the quality or state of being clear : LUCIDITY
CLEMENT, ADJ
1 : inclined to be merciful : LENIENT <a clement judge>
2 : MILD <clement weather for November>
- clem·ent·ly adverb
COERCE, V
1 : to restrain or dominate by force <religion in the past has tried to coerce the irreligious -- W. R. Inge>
2 : to compel to an act or choice
3 : to bring about by force or threat <coerce the compliance of the rest of the community -- Scott Buchanan>
synonym see FORCE
COGENT, ADJ
having power to compel or constrain <cogent forces>
2 a : appealing forcibly to the mind or reason : CONVINCING <cogent evidence> b : PERTINENT, RELEVANT <a cogent analysis of a problem>
synonym see VALID
COGNATE, N
: one that is cognate with another
COGNATE, ADJ
1 : of the same or similar nature : generically alike
2 : related by blood; also : related on the mother's side
3 a : related by descent from the same ancestral language b of a word or morpheme : related by derivation, borrowing, or descent c of a substantive : related to a verb usually by derivation and serving as its object to reinforce the meaning
- cog·nate·ly adverb
COHERENT, ADJ
1 a : logically or aesthetically ordered or integrated : CONSISTENT <coherent style> <a coherent argument> b : having clarity or intelligibility : UNDERSTANDABLE <a coherent person> <a coherent passage>
2 : having the quality of cohering; especially : COHESIVE, COORDINATED <a coherent plan for action>
3 a : relating to or composed of waves having a constant difference in phase <coherent light> b : producing coherent light <a coherent source>
- co·her·ent·ly adverb
COGNIZANT, ADJ
: knowledgeable of something especially through personal experience; also : MINDFUL
synonym see AWARE
COLLOQUY, N
1 : CONVERSATION, DIALOGUE
2 : a high-level serious discussion : CONFERENCE
COMELY, ADJ
1 : pleasurably conforming to notions of good appearance, suitability, or proportion
2 : having a pleasing appearance : not homely or plain
synonym see BEAUTIFUL
COMMENSURATE, ADJ
1 : equal in measure or extent : COEXTENSIVE <lived a life commensurate with the early years of the republic>
2 : corresponding in size, extent, amount, or degree : PROPORTIONATE <was given a job commensurate with her abilities>
3 : COMMENSURABLE 1
- com·men·su·rate·ly adverb
- com·men·su·ra·tion /-"men(t)-s&-'rA-sh&n, -sh&-/ noun
COMPASSION, N
: sympathetic consciousness of others' distress together with a desire to alleviate it
synonym see PITY
COMPATIBLE, ADJ
1 : capable of existing together in harmony <compatible theories>
2 : capable of cross-fertilizing freely or uniting vegetatively
3 : capable of forming a homogeneous mixture that neither separates nor is altered by chemical interaction
4 : capable of being used in transfusion or grafting without immunological reaction (as agglutination or tissue rejection)
5 : designed to work with another device or system without modification; especially : being a computer designed to operate in the same manner and use the same software as another computer
COMPUNCTION, N
1 a : anxiety arising from awareness of guilt <compunctions of conscience> b : distress of mind over an anticipated action or result <showed no compunction in planning devilish engines of... destruction -- Havelock Ellis>
2 : a twinge of misgiving : SCRUPLE <cheated without compunction>
synonym see PENITENCE, QUALM
CONCLAVE, N
1 : a private meeting or secret assembly; especially : a meeting of Roman Catholic cardinals secluded continuously while choosing a pope
2 : a gathering of a group or association
CONCUR, V
: to act together to a common end or single effect
2 a : APPROVE <concur in a statement> b : to express agreement <concur with an opinion>
3 obsolete : to come together : MEET
4 : to happen together : COINCIDE
synonym see AGREE
CONDESCEND, V
1 a : to descend to a less formal or dignified level : UNBEND b : to waive the privileges of rank
2 : to assume an air of superiority
CONDONE, V
: to pardon or overlook voluntarily; especially : to treat as if trivial, harmless, or of no importance <condone corruption in politics>
synonym see EXCUSE
CONDUCIVE, ADJ
: tending to promote or assist <an atmosphere conducive to education>
CONGENITAL, ADJ
1 a : existing at or dating from birth <congenital deafness> b : constituting an essential characteristic : INHERENT <congenital fear of snakes> c : acquired during development in the uterus and not through heredity <congenital syphilis>
2 : being such by nature <congenital liar>
synonym see INNATE
CONJECTURE, N
1 obsolete a : interpretation of omens b : SUPPOSITION
2 a : inference from defective or presumptive evidence b : a conclusion deduced by surmise or guesswork c : a proposition (as in mathematics) before it has been proved or disproved
CONJECTURE, V
1 : to arrive at by conjecture
2 : to make conjectures as to
intransitive senses : to form conjectures
CONNIVE, V
1 : to pretend ignorance of or fail to take action against something one ought to oppose
2 a : to be indulgent or in secret sympathy : WINK b : to cooperate secretly or have a secret understanding
3 : CONSPIRE, INTRIGUE
CONNOISEUR, N
1 : EXPERT; especially : one who understands the details, technique, or principles of an art and is competent to act as a critical judge
2 : one who enjoys with discrimination and appreciation of subtleties <a connoisseur of fine wines>
CONNOTATION, N
1 a : the suggesting of a meaning by a word apart from the thing it explicitly names or describes b : something suggested by a word or thing : IMPLICATION <the connotations of comfort that surrounded that old chair>
2 : the signification of something <that abuse of logic which consists in moving counters about as if they were known entities with a fixed connotation -- W. R. Inge>
3 : an essential property or group of properties of a thing named by a term in logic -- compare DENOTATION
CONSCRIPT, V
: to enroll into service by compulsion : DRAFT <was conscripted into the army>
CONSORT, N
1 : ASSOCIATE
2 : a ship accompanying another
3 : SPOUSE -- compare PRINCE CONSORT
1 : GROUP, ASSEMBLY <a consort of specialists>
2 : CONJUNCTION, ASSOCIATION <he ruled in consort with his father>
3 a : a group of singers or instrumentalists performing together b : a set of musical instruments of the same family
CONSORT, V
transitive senses
1 : UNITE, ASSOCIATE
2 obsolete : ESCORT
intransitive senses
1 : to keep company <consorting with criminals>
2 obsolete : to make harmony : PLAY
3 : ACCORD, HARMONIZE <the illustrations consort admirably with the text -- Times Literary Supplement>
CONSTERNATION, N
: amazement or dismay that hinders or throws into confusion <the two... stared at each other in consternation, and neither knew what to do -- Pearl Buck>
CONSTRUE, V
transitive senses
1 : to analyze the arrangement and connection of words in (a sentence or sentence part)
2 : to understand or explain the sense or intention of usually in a particular way or with respect to a given set of circumstances <construed my actions as hostile>
intransitive senses : to construe a sentence or sentence part especially in connection with translating
CONSUMMATE, ADJ
1 : complete in every detail : PERFECT
2 : extremely skilled and accomplished <a consummate liar>
3 : of the highest degree <consummate skill> <consummate cruelty>
CONSUMMATE, V
transitive senses
1 a : FINISH, COMPLETE <consummate a business deal> b : to make perfect c : ACHIEVE
2 : to make (marital union) complete by sexual intercourse <consummate a marriage>
intransitive senses : to become perfected
CONTAMINATE, V
1 a : to soil, stain, corrupt, or infect by contact or association <bacteria contaminated the wound> b : to make inferior or impure by admixture <iron contaminated with phosphorus>
2 : to make unfit for use by the introduction of unwholesome or undesirable elements
- con·tam·i·na·tive /-"nA-tiv/ adjective
- con·tam·i·na·tor /-"nA-t&r/ noun
synonyms CONTAMINATE, TAINT, POLLUTE, DEFILE mean to make impure or unclean. CONTAMINATE implies intrusion of or contact with dirt or foulness from an outside source <water contaminated by industrial wastes>. TAINT stresses the loss of purity or cleanliness that follows contamination <tainted meat> <a politician's tainted reputation>. POLLUTE, sometimes interchangeable with contaminate, distinctively may imply that the process which begins with contamination is complete and that what was pure or clean has been made foul, poisoned, or filthy <the polluted waters of the river>. DEFILE implies befouling of what could or should have been kept clean and pure or held sacred and commonly suggests violation or desecration <defile a hero's memory with slanderous innuendo>.
CONTEMPLATE, V
transitive senses
1 : to view or consider with continued attention : meditate on
2 : to view as contingent or probable or as an end or intention
intransitive senses : PONDER, MEDITATE
synonym see CONSIDER
CONTIGUOUS, ADJ
1 : being in actual contact : touching along a boundary or at a point
2 of angles : ADJACENT 2
3 : next or near in time or sequence
4 : touching or connected throughout in an unbroken sequence <contiguous row houses>
synonym see ADJACENT
CONTINGENT, ADJ
1 : likely but not certain to happen : POSSIBLE
2 : not logically necessary; especially : EMPIRICAL
3 a : happening by chance or unforeseen causes b : subject to chance or unseen effects : UNPREDICTABLE c : intended for use in circumstances not completely foreseen
4 : dependent on or conditioned by something else
5 : not necessitated : determined by free choice
synonym see ACCIDENTAL