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39 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is the name of the holy book of Islam?
Qu'ran
How did the authority of the Caliph differ from the authority of the Byzantine Empire?
Byzantine leaders = split power and different leaders for military, political, and religious areas

Islamic leaders = leaders of all 3
What was the major form of religion in Mecca, before Muhammad returned in 630 A.D.?
Arabic
What did Muhammad do for a living before he had his religious revelations?
caravan trader
Describe the 5 pillars of Islam
1st-Profession of the Faith- "There is only one god, Allah, and Muhammad is his profit."

2nd-Daily Worship-5x a day

3rd-almsgiving-2.5% of $ to poor

4th-fast-sunrise to sunset during Ramadan

5th-Pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj)-MUST go to Mecca to worship if economically able
What is often described as the 6th pillar of Islam? (Hint: it means "struggle" in Arabic)
Jihaad
To what town did Muhammad and his followers flee after they were kicked out of Mecca?
Medina
who succeded Muhammad and first took the title of Caliph?
Abu Bakr
what does "Caliph" mean in Arabic?
"successor to the prophet"
what was the Ka'bah in Mecca used for before it became the holiest site in Islam?
trading
Were Jews and Christians able to worship freely under Islamic rule?
yes, but they had to pay a tax (sometimes)
What religion did the Mughal rulers of India practice?
Hinduism
Name the greatest Mughal emperor
Akbar
What helped make the greatest Mughal emperor's reign in India so peaceful and productive?
he accepted both Huinduism and Islam & made laws more simple and fair
What language is a mix between Persian and Arabic words in Indian language?
Urdu
What is the name of the holy book of Islam?
Qu'ran
How did the authority of the Caliph differ from the authority of the Byzantine Empire?
Byzantine leaders = split power and different leaders for military, political, and religious areas

Islamic leaders = leaders of all 3
What was the major form of religion in Mecca, before Muhammad returned in 630 A.D.?
Arabic
What did Muhammad do for a living before he had his religious revelations?
caravan trader
Describe the 5 pillars of Islam
1st-Profession of the Faith- "There is only one god, Allah, and Muhammad is his profit."

2nd-Daily Worship-5x a day

3rd-almsgiving-2.5% of $ to poor

4th-fast-sunrise to sunset during Ramadan

5th-Pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj)-MUST go to Mecca to worship if economically able
What is often described as the 6th pillar of Islam? (Hint: it means "struggle" in Arabic)
Jihaad
To what town did Muhammad and his followers flee after they were kicked out of Mecca?
Medina
who succeded Muhammad and first took the title of Caliph?
Abu Bakr
what does "Caliph" mean in Arabic?
"successor to the prophet"
what was the Ka'bah in Mecca used for before it became the holiest site in Islam?
trading
Were Jews and Christians able to worship freely under Islamic rule?
yes, but they had to pay a tax (sometimes)
What religion did the Mughal rulers of India practice?
Hinduism
Name the greatest Mughal emperor
Akbar
What helped make the greatest Mughal emperor's reign in India so peaceful and productive?
he accepted both Huinduism and Islam & made laws more simple and fair
What language is a mix between Persian and Arabic words in Indian language?
Urdu
What is the name of the Mughal Prince's monument to his fallen wife?
the Taj Mahal
To which Islamic sect do the majority of Muslims belong?
Sunni
Where were the three calphates of the Islamic Empire located?
Cordoba, Cairo, and Baghdad
In which two ways did Islamic influence spread to Europe
trade, the crusades
In which city is the Ka'bah located?
Mecca
How did the authority of the Turkish sultan differ from the Arab Caliph?
Sultan = only military and political power

caliph = " " and religious power
What restriction does Islam put on works of art?
no people in artwork, especially portraying gods in human form
Which Islamic sect was formed by the followers of Ali?
Shiite
Within the Islamic Empire minority groups had some ability to govern their own territories and even levy taxes. What is the name of these territories?
millets