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43 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Method to make champagne inside of Champagne
Methode Champenoise
Method to make champagne outside of Champagne
Methode Traditionelle
What is the method used for pressing grapes?
only 2 pressings allowed
quickly and gently to avoid coloring and oxidation
What begins the second fermentation?
Liquer de tirage (sugar and yeast blend)
What does the second fermentation take place in?
The final bottle.
How long does the secondary fermentation last?
6-12 weeks
What is sur-lie aging?
Aging while in contact with yeasts.
What is autolysis?
The gradual breakdown of yeasts. Creates complexity and texture.
What is riddling?
The gradual movement of dead yeasts to the neck of the bottle.
What is the process of degorgement or disgorging?
Upside-down bottles are placed in a brine solution, freezing the length of the neck. The bottle is then quickly turned over and uncapped and the frozen yeasts shoot out.
What is dosage?
Liquer d'expedition. Tops champagne after disgorging. Mix of reserve wine and sugar.
What is the difference between classic method and transfer method?
Bottles are disgorged under pressure in a large tank, filtered and then rebottled.
Name 3 advantages to using the transfer method
1. As little as 90 days aging
2. No contact with lees
3. No need to riddle
4. More suitable for some grapes
5. half and large bottles easier
What is the charmat process?
Wine pumped into tanks with liqeuer do triage and fermentation complete in 5 days. Filtered, bottled.
What varietals benefit from the charmat process?
Moscato d'Asti, Sekt, Prosecco
What does Chardonnay add to Champagne?
Finesse
What does Pinot Noir add to Champagne?
structure
what does pinot meunier add to champagne?
fruit characters
What does it mean that a champagne is non-vintage?
It is a blend of two or more harvests. 60-80% current. Aged at least 15 months in the bottle
What does it mean that a champagne is vintage?
IT is from a single vintage. Aged at least 3 years in the bottle.
What is a blanc de blanc?
Champagne made from 100% chardonnay
What is a blanc de noirs?
Champange made from 100% pinot noir
What is a prestige cuvee/tete de cuvee?
Grapes from best vineyards. Pinot meunier rarely used. Blend of only best wines from best vineyards. No aging requirement.
How many 750 ml bottles are in a magnum?
2
How many 750 ml bottles are in a Jeroboam?
4
How many 750 ml bottles are in a Rehoboam?
6
How many 750 ml bottles are in a Methuselah?
8
How many 750ml bottles are in a Salmanazar?
12
How many 750ml bottles are in a Balthazar?
16
How many 750ml bottles are in a Nebuchadnezzar?
20
How many 750ml bottles are in a Solomon?
24
How many 750ml bottles are in a Premat?
36
What is Cremant?
any non-champagne classical method sparkling wine
What is cremant de bourgongne?
Sparkling wine from burgundy
What is cremant d'alsace?
Sparkling wine from alsace
what is cremant de loire
sparkling wine from the loire
what is blanquette de limoux?
sparkling wine from languedoc
What is spumante?
Term for sparkling wine in Italy
What is frizzante?
Term for semi-sparkling wine in Italy
Where is Moscato d'Asti from and what process is used to make it?
Asti. Piedmont. Charmat Process.
What is Franciacorta and where is it made?
Lombardy, Italy. Made using the classic method and chard, pinot blanc and pinot noir.
What is sparkling wine in Spain called?
Cava
What are the 3 traditional grapes used in Cava?
Xarel-lo, Parellada, Macabeo