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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
arrhythmias
abnormal heart rhythms
atrioventricular block (heart block)
failure of proper conduction of impulses through the AV node to the atrioventricular (bundle of His)
flutter
rapid but regular contractions of atria or ventricles
fibrillation
rapid, random, ineffectual and irregualr contractions of the heart
congenital heart diease
abnormalities in the heart at birth
coarctation of the aorta (CoA)
narrowing (coarctation) of the aorta
patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)
a small duct between the aorta and the pulmonary artery which normally closes after birth, but in this case stays open
septal defects
small holes in the septa b/t the atria or the ventricles
tetralogy of Fallot
a congenital malformation of the heart involving four distinct defects

1. pulmonary artery stenosis
2. ventricular septal defect
3. shift of the aorta to the right
4. hypertrophy of the right ventricle
congestive heart failure
the heart is unable to pump its required amount of blood

(more blood enters the heart from the veins than that which leaves through the arteries)
cornorary artery disease (CAD)
disease of the arteries surrounding the heart
endocarditis
inflammation of the inner lining of the heart caused by bacteria
hypertensive heart disease
high blood pressure affecting the heart
mitral valve prolapse (MVP)
improper closure of the mitral valve
murmur
an extra heart sound heard b/t normal beats
pericarditis
inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart
rheumatic heart disease
heart disease caused by rheumatic fever