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69 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
-ectasis
stretching, dilation
-ectasia
stretching, dilation
-emesis
vomiting
-lysis
destruction, breakdown, separation
-pepsia
digestion
-phagia
eating, swallowing
-plasty
surgical repair
-ptosis
prolapse, fall, sag
-ptysis
spitting
-rrhage
bursting forth
-rrhagia
bursting forth
-rrhaphy
suture
-rrhea
flow, discharge
-spasm
sudden, involuntary contraction of muscles
-stasis
to stop; control
-stenosis
tightening, stricture, narrowing
-tresia
opening
ectasia
Mammary duct ectasia may cause mastitis
lysis
the disease caused lysis of liver cells
emesis
if a child swallows poison, physicians prescribe a drug to induce emesis. An example of an emetic is a strong solution of salt or ipeac syrup
ptosis
Mr. Smith's weakened eyelid muscles caused ptosis of his lids.
spasm
Eating spicy foods can lead to spasm of gastric sphincters
stasis
Overgrowth of bacteria within the small intestine causes stasis of the intestinal contents.
stenosis
Projectile vomiting in an infant during feeding is a symptom of plyoric stenosis
Liver Function Tests (LFTs)
Tests for the presence of enzymes and bilirubin in serum (clear fluid that remains after blood has clotted)
Liver Function Tests
ALT
SGPT
SGOT
stool culture
Test for microorganisms present in stool
stool guaiac
detection of blood in feces
hemoccult test
detection of blood in feces
Guaiac
A chemical from the wood of trees.

When added to a stool sample, it reacts with occult (hidden) blood.
occult
hidden
lower gastrointestinal series

(barium enema)
x-ray images of the colon and rectum after injecting barium into the rectum
upper gastrointestinal series
x-ray images of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestines after administering barium by mouth
barium swallow
a study of the esophagus
cholangiography
x-ray examination of the biliary system after injecting contrast into the bile ducts
percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography
the contrast medium enters via a needle through the abdominal wall into the liver
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography or ERCP
contrast medium is injected via catheter (tube) through the mouth, esophagus, stomach, duodenum, and then into bile ducts
computed tomography

AKA:
- CT
- CT scan
- CAT scan
x-ray series showing cross-sectional images of internal organs allows visualization
tomography
produces a series of x-ray pictures showing multiple views of an organ
tom/o
to cut
abdominal ultrasonography
(ultrasound or sonography)
sound waves beamed into the abdomen, produce an image of abdominal viscera
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
magnetic and radio waves produce images of organs and tissues in all three planes of the body
liver scan
image of the liver after injecting radioactive material into the blood stream
gastric bypass
reducing the size of the stomach and diverting food to the jejunum.

gastrojejunostomy
gastrointestinal endoscopy
visual examination of the gastrointestinal tract using an endoscope
liver biopsy
removal of liver tissue followed by microscopic visualization
nasogastric intubation
insertion of a tube through the nose into the stomach
paracentesis (abdominocentesis)
surigal puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen
alk phos
alkaline phosphatase
BE
barium edema
BRBPR
bright red blood per (through) rectum.

hematochezia
CT scan
computed tomography
EGD
esophagogastroduodenoscopy
ERCP
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
BG
gallbladder
GERD
gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI
gastrointestinal
HBV
hepatitis B virus
IBD
inflammatory bowel disease
LFTs
liver function tests

-alk phos
-bilirubin
-AST (SGOT)
-ALT (SGPT)
MRI
magnetic resonance imaging
NG tube
nasogastric tube
NPO
nothing by mouth (nulla per os)
PEG tube
percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube (feeding tube)
PEJ tube
percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy tube (feeding tube)
PTHC
percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography
PUD
peptic ulcer disease
TPN
total parenteral nutrition

intravenous solution contains
-sugar (dextrose)
-proteins (amino acids)
-electrolytes (sodium, potassium, chloride)
-vitamins
T tube
tube placed in the biliary tract for drainage