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27 Cards in this Set

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liver function tests (LFTs)
Tests for the presence of enzymes and bilirubin in serum (clear fluid that remains after blood has clotted)
liver function tests (LFTs)
ALT (SGPT), AST (SGOT). alk phos, bilirubin
alanine transaminase
aspartate transaminase
direct vs indirect bilirubin test
A direct bilirubin test measures conjugated bilirubin while and indirect test measures unconjugated.
alk phos
Alkaline phosphatase (part of LFT's)
stool culture
Test for microorganisims present in stool
stool guaiac
detection of blood in feces (tests for colon cancer)
hemoccult test
detection of blood in feces
A chemical from the wood of trees. When added to a stool sample, it reacts with occult (hidden) blood.
lower gastrointestinal series
(barium enema)
x-ray's of the colon & rectum after injecting barium into the rectum
upper gastrointestinal series
x-ray's of the esophagus, stomach, & small intestine after administering barium orally
small-bowel follow-through
occurs right after an upper gastrointestinal series to show sequential x-ray's of the small intestine as barium passes through
barium swallow
a study of the esophagus
x-ray exam of the biliary system after injecting contrast into the bile ducts
percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography
contrast medium enters via a needle through the abdominal wall into the liver
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
contrast medium is injected via catheter (tube) through the mouth, esophagus, stomach, duodenum, & bile ducts
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
CT Scan, CAT scan
Computed Tomography: x-ray series showing cross-sectional images of internal organs
abdominal ultrasonography (ultrasound or sonography)
Sound waves are beamed into the abdomen producing images of the organs
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Magnetic & radio waves produce images of organs & tissues in all three planes of the body. Doesn't use x-rays.
liver scan (radioactive)
Image of the liver after injecting radioactive material into the bloodstream.
gastric bypass
Reducing the size of the stomach & diverting food to the jejunum (gastrojejunostomy)
gastrointestinal endoscopy
Visual exam of the gastrointestinal tract using an endoscope
liver biopsy
Helps doctors diagnose cirrhosis, chronic hepatitis & tumors of the liver
nasogastric intubation
Insert a tube through the nose into the stomach.
paracentesis (abdominocentesis)
surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen (for ascites)