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79 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
People who wanted to ratify the Constitution
Plan that called for representation in the legislature to be based on population or wealth
-Virginia Plan
An anti-tax protest by farmers
-Shays's Rebellion
Road that ran across the Appalachian Mountains into Kentucky
-Wilderness Road
Meeting held to discuss changes to the Articles of Confederation
-Constitutional Convention
It resulted from high taxes
-Shays's Rebellion
It created a national government.
-Articles of Confederation
It allowed for western lands to be divided into townships
-Land Ordinance of 1785
It included land that would become Ohio,Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin, and part of Minnesota.
-Northwest Territory
It helped to settle Kentucky.
-Wilderness Road
It set a pattern for the orderly growth of the United States.
-Northwest Ordinance
The Constitutional Convention was held at
-Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Which delegate to the Constitutional Convention is known as the "Father of the Constitution"?
-James Madison
The following provided the basic framework for the national government.
-the Virginia Plan
The smaller states wanted to base the national government on the
- New Jersey Plan
The following had the most power under the Articles of Confederation.
-the state governments
The Articles of Confederation granted to Congress the following powers.
-the power to make treaties;the power to issue money, the power to make war and peace.
The Great Compromise adderessed the issue of
how much power each state would have in the national legislature.
The following groups were not represented at the Constitutional Convention?
African Americans, Native Americans and white women
Why did the delegates from large states favor the Virginia Plan?
because the plan gave them greater representation in the legislature
Why is james Madison known as the "Father of the Constitution"?
-He wrote the Bill of Rights
Why is james Madison known as the "Father of the Constitution"?
-He helped to write the Virgina Plan
Why is james Madison known as the "Father of the Constitution"?
-He wrote essays that helped gain support for the Constitution.
What most likely explains why so many Americans in the 1780s feared a strong national government?
-their experiences under earlier British rule
One feature of the Constitution that an Antifederalist would have liked was
the national government and the state governments would share power under a system called federalism.
Reasons that made it important for New York and Virgina to approve the Constitution.
Two important national leaders, James Madison and Alexander Hamilton, were from these states.
Reasons that made it important for New York and Virgina to approve the Constitution.
If either of them refused to ratify, the nation would be geographically divided
Reasons that made it important for New York and Virgina to approve the Constitution.
They were two of the largest and most populous states.
influenced the state constitutions
English Bill of Rights
outlawed slavery on lands north of the Ohio River
Northwest Ordinance
resulted from high state taxes and the heavy debts of some farmers
Shays's Rebellion
attempted to settle disagreements among states over trade and led to the Constitutional Convention
Annapolis Convention
divided western regions into townships so that land could be sold and settled
Land Ordinance of 1785
resulted from demands that the people be protected against the power of the national government
Bill of Rights
set up the system under which new states would be created and admitted to the Union
Northwest Ordinance
convinced many people that the Articles of Confederation were too weak and that the national government needed more power
Shays's Rebellion
The lower house of Congress
House of Representatives
The introduction to the Constitution
The legislative branch of government
The upper house of Congress
The Fifthe Amendment protects citizens against being tried twice for the same crime.
-double jeopardy
Several amendments expanded the right to vote.
The first 10 amendments are known as the
Bill of Rights
Particular powers of the Congress that are listed in Article 1 are often called
enumerated powers of Congress
The clause giving Congress power to do whatever is "necessary and proper" to govern is called the
elastic clause
In this form of government, citizens elect representatives to make laws.
This system gives each branch of government some ability to limit the actions of the other two branches.
checks and balances
These are protected by the Bill of Rights.
individual rights
This idea was the basis for dividing the government into three branches.
seperation of powers
This system assigns some powers to the national government and other powers to the state governments.
The most important duty of the president of the United States is to
enforce the laws
The role of the electoral college is
to choose the president of the United States
According to the Constitution, the president can make treaties and appoint ambassadors
with the approval of the Senate
The following are grounds for impeachment of the president.
committing treason, giving or accepting bribes, and committing a high crime or misdemeanor
When citizens move from one state to another state, what happens to their rights under the Constitution?
Their rights remain unchanged
New states may be admitted to the Union if approved by
The Constitution can be amended if the change is approved by two-thirds of both houses of Congress and
three-fourths of the states.
In the Constitution, the "supreme law of the land" is defined as being
the Constitution, national laws, and treaties.
The process by which the Constitution or amendments to it were approved is called
Women finally gained the right to vote with the passage of
the Nineteenth Amendment.
A person is allowed to hold the office of president of the United States for
a maximum of two terms.
The following amendments was passed before;all citizens equal rights under the law,ending the poll tax and abolishing slavery.
the amendment giving all citizens except women the right to vote
The term lame duck refers to
an elected official whose time in office will soon end
How old must a U.S. citizen be to vote?
18 years old
When he/she takes office, a member of Congress swears to
uphold the Constitution
It is required that the following federal offical be a U.S. citizen by birth.
A member of the House of Representatives is elected to a term of
two years
The Fifteenth Amendment gave this group the right to vote.
African-American men
The Senate must approve of the president's choice for each of the following offices
secretary of state, Supreme Court justice and ambassador to a foreign country.
The right to petition the government, to worship freely, and to express yourself publicly are protected under the
First Amendment
The police cannot get a search warrant unless they have
good reason to believe that evidence may be found.
The power to make treaties with foreign governments
is that of the president
The power of the Supreme Court to declare laws that Congress passes unconstitutional is an example of
checks and balances
In all but two states, the candidate who gets the most votes in a state wins all that state's electolral votes
that which is true in a presidential election
Women were given this under the Nineteenth Amendment.
The legislative, executive, and judicial branch are examples of this.
separation of powers
Members of political parties vote in this.
The House of Representatives charges the president with a crime in this.
The national government and the state governments share power under this.