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46 Cards in this Set

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adnexa
accessory part of the uterus; the fallopian tubes and ovaries.
amnion
innermost membrane around the developing embryo.
areola
dark-pigmented area around the breast nipple.
bartholin glands
small exocrine glands at the vaginal orifice.
cervix
lower, neck-like portion of the uterus.
chorion
outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo; it is part of the placenta.
clitoris
organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the urinary meatus.
coitus
sexual intercourse.
corpus luteum
empty graafian follicle that secretes estrogen and progesterone after relase of the egg cell;literally means yellow body.
cul-de-sac
region within the pelvis, midway between the rectum and the uterus.
embryo
stage in development from fertilization of the ovum through the 2nd month of pregnancy.
endometrium
the inner mucous membrane lining the uterus.
estrogen
hormone produced by the ovaries; responsible for felmale secondary sex characteristics and buildup of the uterine lining during the mentrual cycle.
fallopian tubes
ducts through which the egg travels into the uterus.
fertilization
union of the sperm and ovum.
fetus
the embryo from the 3rd month to birth.
fimbriae
finger-like ends of the fallopian tubes.
follicle-stimulating hormone
(FSH)
hormone produced by the pituitary gland; stimulates maturation of the ovum.
gamete
sex cell; sperm or ovum.
genitalia
reproductive organs; also called genitals.
gestation
pregnancy
gonads
organs in the male and female that produce gametes; ovaries and testes.
graafian follicle
developing sac enclosing each ovum within the ovary. only about 400 of these sacs mature in a woman's life time.
human chorionic gonadotropin
(HCG)
hormone produced by the placenta
to subtain pregnancy by stimulating the mother's ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone.
hymen
mucous membrane partially or completely covering the vaginal orifice.
labia
lips of the vagina; labia majora are the larger, outermost lips, and the labia minora are the smaller innermost lips.
lactiferous ducts
tubes that carry milk within the breast.
luteinizing hormone
(LH)
hormone produced by the pituitary gland; promotes ovulation.
menarche
the beginning of the first menstrual period during puberty.
menopause
the gradual ending of menstrual function; climacteric.
menstration
the monthly shedding of the uterine lining; menses means month.
myometrium
the muscule layer lining the uterus.
orifice
an opening.
ovaries
organs in the female lower abdomen that produce ova and hormones; female gonads. the ovaries are almond-shaped and about the size of a large walnuts.
ovulation
release of the ovum from the ovary.
ovum
egg cell; female gamete.
papilla
a small nipple-shaped projection or elevation. the mammary papilla is the nipple of the breast.
parturition
act of giving brith.
perineum
in females, the area between the anus and the vagina.
placenta
vascular organ that develops during pregnancy in the uterine wall and serves as a communication between the maternal and the fetal bloodstreams.
progesterone
hormone produced by the corpus luteum in the ovary and the placenta of a pregnant woman. progesterone means hormone for pregnancy.
puberty
beginning of the fertile period when gametes are produced and secondary sex characteristics appear.
uterine serosa
outermost layer surrounding the uterus.
uterus
womb; muscular organ in which the embryo develops. the upper portion is the fundus; the middle is the corpus; and the lower neck portion is the cervix.
vagina
a tube extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body.
vulva
external genitalia of the female; includes the labia, hymen, and clitoris.