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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Why did the British government begin to tax its American colonies after the Proclamtion of 1763?
to raise money to pay the costs of defending the colonists
Some colonists claimed that Great Britain had no right to tax the colonies because
no one had been elected by the colonies to represent them in the British Parliament.
officer who helped lead the Continental Army's invasion Canada
-Benedict Arnold
-sailor of African and Native American ancestry who was one of the five colonists killed in the Boston Massacre
-Crispus Attucks
-author of Common Sense, a pamphlet that presented a strong case for independence from Great Britian
-Thomas Paine
Virginian serving in the Second Continental Congress who was chosen to lead the Continental Army
George Washington
president of the Continental Congress and the first signer of the Declaration of Independence; wrote his name very large so that George III could read it
John Hancock
member of the Second Continental Congress who had defended the British soldiers accused in the Boston Massacre
John Adams
-A secret group that led colonial resistance to the Stamp Act was the
-Sons of Liberty
-One way in which the colonists opposed the Townshend Acts was to
-refuse to buy British products until the acts were repealed
The following is true of the Tea Act.
1)It put a tax on the tea that the colonist imported. 2)It gave control of the American tea trade to the British East India Company.
3)Colonial shippers and merchants disliked the law.
The group that met to organize united resistance in the colonies to the Introlerable Acts was called the
First Continental Congress
The following is true of the Second Continental Congress.
Before it could meet, fighting broke out between the colonial militias and British troops.
The following is true of the Second Continental Congress.
It sent a petition to London asking for a peaceful settlement.
The following is true of the Second Continental Congress.
It began to act as a government for the colonies.
At first, the Continental Army
was a poorly trained militia fighting against professional troops.
The Declaration of Independence was written by
Thomas Jefferson.
The Declaration of Independence is based on ideas about law and people's rights that were first stated by
John Locke.
T or F, The colonist were unhappy because the British government would not let them expand west onto new fertile land in the Ohio Valley.
T or F, The Proclamation of 1763 required the colonists to pay a tax on all legal documents such as wills, contracts, and diplomas.
Stamp Act
The Declaratory Act stated that Great Britain had the authority to govern the colonies.
One action that Boston colonists took to oppose the Stamp Act was an event that became known as the Boston Tea Party.
Tea Act
The natural right that colonists believed was violated by the writs of assistance was people's right to keep their lives secure.
possessions (or property)
To punish the people of Boston for the Boston Tea Party, Parliament passed a series of laws that the colonists called the Intolerable Acts.
The British were forced to leave Boston when Washington bombarded the city with British cannons captured after a battle at Fort Ticonderoga.
As British troops left Boston, many Patriots, or colonists who supported Great Britain, also fled the city.