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47 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
precedent
a guide set by someone for future ppl..ex: george washington was tha precedent for the future presidents
cabinet
the president's advisors
capitalism
free market; private ownership
strict constructionist
a person who thinks only things that are in the constitution CANT be done (jefferson)
loose constructionist
a person who thinks only things in tha construction can be done (hamilton)
impressment
british sailors were capturing american ships and forcing their sailors 2 work in the british navy
Jay's Treaty
treaty btwn britain and america - did nothing (didnt stop impressment); british agreed to abandon their NW forts; US gov't agreed to pay debts owed to british
sectionalism
pride in a specific part of a country
right of deposit
americans had the right 2 sail the mississippi river freely and free shipment out of new orleans
sedition
speaking out against the government..(john adams made sedition act -- ppl thot it wuz to shut them up)
James Madison
president after thomas jefferson
Napolean
sold lousiana territory to James Monroe
Lewis and Clark
went on an expedition to lousiana territory; helped and guided by sacagawea
orders in council
forbade US to trade with France
embargo act
stopped all trade with foreign countries
battle of tippecanoe
battle at which william harrison beat the american indians
battle of new orleans
last battle of the war of 1812; few americans killed but mani british casualties; general andrew jackson had prepared troops and they were ready wen the british attacked
treaty of ghent
ended the war of 1812; signed by us and britain; restored all conquered territory
hamilton's plan for strengthening the economy
1) pay off nation's debt
2) honor war bonds
3) make a national bank
4) take over state debts
accomplishments of the 1st congress
federal court system was established by the judiciary act of 1789
marbury v. madison
supreme court case that established judiciary review..john marshall ruled in the case
judicial review
supreme court can declare laws unconstitutional
louisiana purchase
napolean sold louisiana territory 2 james monroe in exchange for $15 million; he needed tha money 2 pay his army
reaction to bank of the us
jefferson sed that it shouldnt be aloud because tha constitution didnt say u can make it; hamilton sed u could b.c tha constitution didnt say u cant make it
strained relations btwn us and france in the 1970s
the french saw Jay's treaty and US neutrality as pro-british so french privateers had begun to seize american ships [xyz affair] -- americans created the Navy Department, built warships, fortified harbors, and strengthened the army..they fought in the caribbean but no war wuz declared
y the us strengthened itz navy
US trade ships were threatened
primary cause of the war of 1812
american settlers were moving onto american indian lands which enraged them; british gave american indians weapons; americans blamed britain for american indian's uprising
jefferson in office
the louisiana purchase occured while he was in office; he left some federalist programs untouched; revolution of 1800 [1st peaceful transtion of power in history]
results of the war of 1812
US gained NW territory; US and Britain r on friendlier terms; restored US boundaries
andrew jackson
president after john adams
Francis Scott Key
wrote what later became the national anthem "the star spangled banner"
James Monroe
president after james madison; bought the lousiana territory from napolean for $15 million while jefferson was president
Henry Knox
secratry of war under washington
Edmond Genet
french foreign minister; came 2 america 2 enlist 2 tha french army..americans sed no.. was taking over in europe and the guillotine was used 2 kill many ppl so he was afraid 2 go bac..washington let him stay in the country onli 2 live there
Thomas Jefferson
secratary of state under washington; president after john adams
Alexander Hamilton
loose constructionist; killed by aaron burr in a duel; secretly persuaded a few southern federalist electors to vote only for Pinckney b.c he didnt want adams to win -- he was caught by northern federalists who ended up voting against pinckney. adams became president - jefferson became vice president
Edmund Randolph
1st attorney general (under washington)
John Jay
chief justice; was sent by washington in 1794 to britain to negotiate a settlement [jayz treati]
John Adams
president after james monroe; sent diplomats to france to negotiate a new treaty -- 3 agents representing charles-maurice de tallyrand sed they wanted the US to apologize publicly for anti-french remarks made by adams and grant france a multimillion-dollar loan and pay a bribe of $240,000 just to meet with talleyrand; they returned 2 the US and told Adams who named it the XYZ affair and refused 2 pay
Little Turtle
declared war on US; chief of Miami
Anthony Wayne
defeated Little Turtle's confederation at Battle of Fallen Timbers
Sacagawea
helped and guided lewis and clark in their expedition to lousiana territory
Aaron Burr
ran against thomas jefferson for president..tied 35 times..alexander hamilton hate burr more than jefferson so he influenced a vote 2 help jefferson win; dueled with alexander hamilton; burr killed hamilton; became vice president to thomas jefferson
Andrew Jackson
president after john adams
Oliver Hazard Perry
led US naval force in the Great Lakes in the War of 1812
John Marshall
supreme court justice -- ruled in the marbury v. madison case
picknkey's treaty
us gets right of deposit at new orleans; free navigation of mississippi; 31st parallel (top border of florida)